LOCATION: Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation
DOCKET NO.: 86-890
DECIDED BY: Rehnquist Court (1987-1988)
LOWER COURT: United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
CITATION: 484 US 193 (1988)
ARGUED: Oct 14, 1987
DECIDED: Jan 12, 1988
Edward N. Fitzpatrick - on behalf of the respondents
Larry R. Etzweiler - on behalf of the petitioners
Facts of the case
Media for Deakins v. MonaghanAudio Transcription for Oral Argument - October 14, 1987 in Deakins v. Monaghan
Audio Transcription for Opinion Announcement - January 12, 1988 in Deakins v. Monaghan
William H. Rehnquist:
The opinion of the Court in No. 86-890, Deakins against Monaghan will be announced by Justice Blackmun.
Harry A. Blackmun:
This case comes to us from the Third Circuit.
It concerns an application for a warrant to search a corporation's premises for evidence of alleged crimes that were the subject of an ongoing state grand jury investigation.
I think that statement indicates that the issue is really one of abstention.
The District Court to the Federal District Courts said that it would abstain; the Court of Appeals reversed and remanded the case holding that there should be no abstention of equitable crimes.
In an opinion filed today, we affirm in part and vacate in part and remand the case.
We hold that there is no longer a live controversy over whether the Federal Court may hear the respondent's claims for equitable relief and the abstention issue in this regard is therefore moot till those claims are to be dismissed with prejudice.
So far as the claims from monetary relief are concerned, we hold that even if a case here some years ago will called Younger against Harris required abstention.
The District Court had no discretion to dismiss rather than to stay those claims.
Justice White has filed a concurring opinion in which Justice O'Connor has joined.