California v. Prysock Case Brief

Facts of the Case

“An individual, Randall James Prysock, apprehended for the commission of murder was brought to a police substation and advised of his rights under. Prysock declined to talk and, since he was a minor, his parents were notified. With his parents present he decided to answer police questions, at which time the Miranda warnings were given again, the police informing him, among other things, that he had “the right to talk to a lawyer before he was questioned, have him present with you while you are being questioned, and all during questioning” and “the right to have a lawyer appointed to represent you at no cost to yourself.” At trial, the Superior Court of Tulare County, California, denied the defendant’s motion to suppress the statement that he subsequently made at interrogation, and he was convicted by a jury of first-degree murder and of other offenses. On appeal, the Court of Appeal of California, Fifth Appellate District, reversed the convictions and ordered a new trial, ruling that Prysock’s incriminating statements had to be excluded from consideration by the jury because Prysock was not properly advised of his right to the services of a free attorney before and during interrogation, that the warnings given to Prysock were inadequate because he was not explicitly informed of his right to have an attorney appointed before further questioning, and that the requirements of Miranda were not met in the case. The Supreme Court of California denied a petition for hearing.”


Must a plaintiff present direct evidence of discrimination in order to obtain a mixed-motive instruction under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as amended by the Civil Rights Act of 1991?



Case Information

Citation: 453 US 355 (1981)
Decided: Jun 29, 1981
Case Brief: 1981