Authority and Powers of International Court

The fight against crime on the International level is coordinated by the International Criminal Police Commission, popularly known as Interpol. Any International Policing should help the member countries with the information on the whereabouts of international criminals, to organize seminars on scientific crime detection, to facilitate the apprehension of criminal on borderless basis, though with the help police of local state government . The organization should exclude crimes that deal with political, military, religious or racial matters. Such agency should focus on counterfeiting, forgery, smuggling, and the narcotics trade.

There is a need to improve policing and law enforcement systems and to create financial regulatory mechanism and intelligence system to have a effective international policing system. International partnership shall be necessary to cope with the crimes with out border. For example , in 2000, a task force from U. S federal government and other 13 nations engaged in largest ever crack down on child pornography exchanged internationally over the internet  using sophisticated encryption to exchange thousands of sexually explicit images of children .

Cooperation on transnational level is needed to deal with InfoTech , biotech and terrorism crimes. It should facilitate the cross border police co-operation and supports and assists all organization  , authorities and services whose mission is to prevent or combat international crime . It should also facilitate international police co-operation even where diplomatic relations do not exist between particular countries . Action is to be taken within the limits of existing laws in different countries and in the spirit of the universal declaration of Human rights .

It should also cover areas like genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity, environmental crime and law enforcement corruption. Member states should grant authority to try their citizens for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. It should provide jurisdiction over-state party or on the territory of a non-state party where that non-state party has entered into an agreement with the court providing for jurisdiction for a particular case. It should promote collaboration among the various disciplines in the justice system . It should helps to find global commonality in the treatment of offenders.

It should support and promote multinational partnerships. The recruitment, training and retention of dedicated and motivated individuals to the corrections field will continue to be one of the many challenges in corrections during next five to 10 years. The following issues shall have to be addressed: the needs of human resources directors (investing in regional child and or elder care centers, marketing corrections as a career) versus the needs of the job applicants (i. e. different values and motivational factors for the various generations and minorities in the work force pool).

This is particularly to be addressed when the particular race suffered discrimination due to atrocities of tyrant ruler, resettlement of affected society including education, employment and housing problems should be addressed by the correction process. Recruitment and Training: Positions are to be filled by a national of a member State of International criminal court or of a member state which has signed and is engaged in the ratification process or which is engaged in the accession process but nationals from non-state  parties may also be considered .

It should aims to achieve fair representation of the women and men for all positions , representation of the principal legal systems of the world for legal positions and equitable geographical representation for positions in the professional category. Jurist from different legal, political and cultural systems have come together to participate in the adjudication of criminal cases in international court as they have to adjust to a unique procedural system in a foreign environment. It should also include extensive training program for the new recruits and on going training for those in service. 

Conclusion: An international criminal court can effectively prosecute those responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law. At the country or state level, it is difficult to ensure objective and fair prosecution by those who belong to the losing side in an ongoing or recently finished armed conflict. The Prosecution in the national court may turn into revenge in the form of “Victor’s justice “. The possible inherent estrangements and contradictions with the ICC are the price to pay for the unwillingness or inability of a state to investigate and prosecute its own war criminals.