When the term globalization emerged, it was planned that this phenomenon will be used only to develop a conceptual framework in which the world’s economy will operate. However, as it grew, globalization began to take over almost everything, from politics, economy, culture to even language. Now, the main problem has risen, that does the globalization really affect democracy. But first the terminology ‘democracy’ should be defined. Democracy is system of government in which the people or the citizens choose their head of the states and other representatives.
It comes from the Greek word which means ‘popular government ’. There is no universally accepted definition of democracy; however, in general it has two main concepts. One is that everybody has equal access to information and power. Secondly people enjoy liberty and freedom and that too equally. Hence, democracy comes from the will of people. In political sense, democracy has different characterization. Democracy is dependent on the majority rule, in which whoever the majority chooses, wins.
In democracy, freedom of speech and freedom of expression is also essential. It is also essential that the citizens are able to vote whoever they want to. In many countries democracy is based on philosophical principle. This principle emphasizes on equal rights, as mentioned before. Different countries have different forms of democracies and have different beliefs so as what it should be like. In United States, dividing power is considered as a good quality, whereas in United Kingdom there is no such case.
Democracy is a terminology and is not only for political reasons. Companies can use the word democracy when having elections for the seat of chairman. There are two arguments based on the effects of globalization on democracy. Some believe that globalization undermines democracy. It lessens the hold of government as many other international variables and factors are present which influence the decision of the government. The others say that globalization is a positive thing and is for the benefit of the people; therefore it does not affect democracy.
Economists, say that globalization is a big trap and that sooner or later it will engulf the democratic system all over the world. It will even end democracy in countries which have a very long history of a democratic system. People, who take globalization as a negative phenomenon, argue that in search of maximum profit, the global economy is penetrating every nation. The world has almost become a global village. Due to this reason any change in one part of the world also has an effect on the rest of the countries.
Therefore, before taking any decision the government has to think, as its decision might affect other nations too. Moreover, many organizations such as United Nations constantly interfere in the local affairs of any country. The politics of any country has to follow the rules and regulations set forward by the United Nations and other such organizations. Therefore, with so many factors affecting the decision of the government and people, it is difficult to have a free will. Therefore, these people say that globalization certainly undermines democracy.