1. Board-room politics – Involves decision-making by business elites and professionals, but with important public consequences. 2. Bureaucratic politics -Means rule making and adjudication by bureaucrats, with inputs from clients and professionals, Dept. Secretaries, U. secretaries, A. secretaries, regional directors, bureau directors, are power and authority holders and as such can make decisions favoring private businesses and favored political interests. This is the reason why politicians and some businessman jockey their men into positions in the bureaucracy. 3. Congress politics.
– Involves policy making by legislatures, constrained by various constituencies. Laws affect private and public interests. The process of legislation in formulating policies can delay the passage of a bill or the proposed bill can be stopped at the committee hearing level. 4. Chief executive politics (CEOs) Refers to a process dominated by president governors mayors and their advisers. Chief executives are given full power and authority to lead, to govern and administer laws. They possess and exercise discretionary powers that are beneficial to majority but detrimental to some few. When they talk everybody listens. 5. Court-room politics.
– Refers to court orders and decisions of judges, justices, and prosecutors in response to interest groups and aggrieved individuals. When judicial decisions are sold or influenced based not on merits and evidences, and then the court would have served no purpose as balancer and equalizer of justice and settlement of disputes between and among litigants. – Court decisions can put political opponents to jail, can delay political and non-political appointments, can delay the execution of legislative, executive and administrative decisions or even stop the operation of businesses, and can decide to reverse or delay decisions previously made.
The issuance of TRO reveals how political our court. 6. Multimedia politics The galvanization of public opinion, usually through the news papers, radio, television and other forms of mass media. All of this mass media promote the political interests and choices of those who own them, who pay them and who use them. Media can make and unmake a president or a leader. 7. Religious politics – Is one where decisions are made by leaders and members of religious groups and have political implications like El shaddai, JIL,INC, CBCP, NCCP are some of the most prominent religious groups which take political positions on public issues.
8. ) Military politics (games of the generals) – Involves the calculated decisions of the military and police generals and their subordinates to affect preferences in the political arena. The decisions and machinations of military generals were the key factors that changed government and government leaders. 9. Civil society politics (NGOs, POs) – is the high profile socio political engagement and proactive lobbying of voluntary groups such as NGOs, POs, socio-civic societies, cause-oriented groups, professional associations, cooperatives, sect oral or social class groupings and foundations that influence political issues.
10. X-men politics (gambling lords) -Includes factors and players that are less prominently mentioned, less openly named, less publicly involved but actively engaged in fixing and managing self-serving political decisions. Examples are: drug lords, Gambling lords, vice lords, who supports the career of politicians and bureaucrats who in return provide protection to syndicated crimes.