William James once said: “The greatest revolution of our generation is the discovery of human beings, by changing their inner attitudes of their minds, can change the outer aspects of their lives”. However, the agricultural revolution formed a big milestone in people’s lives. In fact, people in that time, were not aware how much their attitude and habits were changed for the basic things in their lives. Actually , the main question is what were the effects of the agricultural revolution?
As the main effects, we can mention the increased population, established government in the cities and different types of diseases. During the agricultural revolution the population increased. This happened as a result of many causes such as more food, improved farming methods, and better farm machines (tools). Most of the farmers started to work on their lands, producing just enough food for themselves. With improved farming techniques (tools and machines), farmers started to produce more food than they needed. That resulted with increasing the population.
People (farmers) thought in this way, only because they had extra food. As I mentioned before, this allowed more mouths to be fed and led to a population explosion. This means that although the population increased people still have enough food. A good example for this situation, is the village Catal Huyuk where the numbers of people rapidly increased. It reached even 6000 people. We can clearly see that this was an effect of farmers who started producing more food. As the population increased, people needed to make some order and rules that would be respected.
People thought that the best idea was to develop a city, but they also needed a person or a group of people that would steadily control the city. Most of the people decided to build a government and to elect a leader who would be capable of regulating the city. First, there were only few cities, but later their number increased. During the development of the cities the economy changed. People started to use money, although the barter economy was still in use. The development of the cities also contributed to trade (between cities).
One of the examples are the Sumerias or the first people that set government and laws. Despite this, Sumerias also began with “regulating” the cities. When the cities were developed well enough for a usual life, people faced many problems either natural disasters or different types of diseases. As a result of increased population, people started to transmit a lot of diseases (which means, that health of the people slowly decreased). Unfortunately, people in that time did not have good hospitals or good health care. This tells us that people did not have where to treat themselves.
The disease and the low health care, especially affected the women. For example, if a woman had ten children, eight of them would die and only two of them would be alive. Despite this problem many people also faced natural disasters like fires and floods. The natural disasters were also involved for the health of the people. Because the fires and floods were a normal things that happened very often, a lot of houses were damaged. People did not have an other option, and they had to live on the streets. While living on the streets, they caught diseases that later were transmitted to other people.
All the things above show how much the agricultural revolution was important and how it fully changed the lives of people. With all the examples we can see how step by step the habits of people changed. The new life of the people was very different if we compared before the revolution. However, one day maybe we will have a revolution that will change our life, maybe we will continue living like this or maybe every day is one new revolution. As once Ralph Waldo Emerson said: every revolution was first a thought in one man’s mind.