The common law system permits the judges to discuss the case with other jurisdictions so that they can get help in making a decision. In the system of common law the disputes are settled through the exchange of arguments and evidence. Both sides present their cases before judge or jury. The judge or jury applies the facts to the law and conclude the decision in favor of one of the party. Under the system of common law, all citizens including highest ranking officers of the government are enforced to the same set of laws.
The first principle is that, one must assure the facts. Then one had to locate any relevant law enacted by the legislature and cases. Then one must pull out the principles analogies and statements through various course of what they consider important, they determine how the next course is likely to rule on the facts of present case. Further decision and other decisions of legislatures carry more weight than earlier cases of lower courts. The common law courts are not completely bound by the precedent, but can revise the law without legislative intervention.
International Law: The two main and the most important law in international law is customary international law and also the primary source of universal law. Customary international law is a combination of two basic elements, number one is the practice of an object and the second one is the acceptance of a certain subject. International law is basically comprised of three laws; Public International law, Private International Law, conflict of laws and the law of supranational organization. Public International Law:
This particular type of law deals with the relationship between sovereign nations. The few known sources of Public International Law Development are customs, practiced and treaties between sovereign nations. This law can be formed by international organization. For example: The United Nation, the International labor Organization, monitory fund. This law has an important status of law. The reason behind is that there is no international police force and the court cannot charge penalty on any disobedience.
However there are few bodies e. g. WTO. Conflict of Law: Conflict of law is also knows as private international law in civil law countries. Conflict of laws deals with jurisdiction. A dispute which is legal between the private parties is heard in which jurisdiction law must be practiced. Presently the graph of businesses is increasing and has the abilities of shifting capital and labor supply across the border. Tort Law:
Tort law is basically a law that associates remedies for such crimes that does not come out of contractual duties. The example of this particular law can be given as: a person who is legally injured can use tort law to charge someone who is legally responsible for the damage. In short tort law deals with a legal injury and creates such circumstances under which the person who is guilty is charged for his illegal act. Tort covers accidents which are done intentionally.
The second example for tort law is that suppose if there is a pedestrian is hit by a ball and he get the injury by that ball, then the pedestrian can sue the person who threw the ball at him or he can make that person pay for his hospital bill and the loss he got from his work but before that he must prove that the thrower is guilty otherwise he cannot sue him. But if the thrower threw the ball on purposes then the pedestrian sould sues him for the international tort law. But if it was accidently then the pedestrian can make him care for him and pay for his bills but to do that the pedestrian should prove that his injury needs to be cared.