Issues in Georgia related to immigrants tend to revolve around education rights and access to resources especially for immigrant workers and students. Several bills have been enacted to regulate immigration and access to opportunities such as employment, education, and scholarships. To date, the issue of immigration is still a problem in Georgia. This paper looks into the problems associated with immigration. Georgia State has a population of over 8 million according to current census bureau reports.
Georgia has a significant population of illegal immigrants and therefore a good amount of resources are spent in fighting illegal immigration. Immigration has placed numerous strains on the economy of Georgia. The above is caused by the fact that a rapid increase in immigration, means that the resources and infrastructure initially made for a smaller population have to be expounded to cater for the increased population.
Areas highly affected by immigration related issues include sewer and water system, road transport, rising insecurity, emergency preparedness, health provision as well as education. The above challenges can be attributed to a rapid population growth as evidenced by a 26% increase observed in the past one decade. Mostly immigrants in Georgia comprise of foreign-born residents, illegal immigrants as well as people who migrate from other states for unions social or economic issues. Therefore immigration population in Georgia accounts for about 7% of the Georgian State.
Other key social issues arising from the rapid population growth in Georgia include an increase in traffic jams occasioned by an increased number of people using roads as a means of transport. An increase in population implies increased human activity, which in turn causes encroachment of agricultural land and reserve lands. For example, the State Parkland, which falls under the jurisdiction of the National Park Trust, may soon have to be hived off to cater for commercial development, needs.
Immigration influx has seen the population increase in unproportional ways in comparison to the available housing facilities. This is a serious social issue in that housing is a basic need which many Georgia residents soon maybe unable to afford. In effect, there is likely to be a rapid sprawl of slums hence the danger associated with urban sprawl such as rise in crime and other psychological effects. Already the effects of immigration on housing are evident in some countries like Gwinnett, which has one of the highest numbers of single-family houses.
Immigration has also caused environmental pollution attributed to an increase in traffic activity hence air pollution. Education standards have also been affected, to cope with the ever-increasing population; education facilities are overstretched something which has negatively affected the quality of education due to overcrowding hence the overstretching of resources in most schools in Georgia. There have been very many efforts by the local government to supplement those of the federal government in fighting illegal immigration.
However, the issue of immigration is very controversial given that immigrants in Georgia are widely seen by the native farmers as a source of cheap labour making effort of the authorities to stop illegal immigration. Conclusion The local authorities in Georgia has to come up with well thought out plans to deal with the problem of immigration. If not well resolved, the immigration issues raised in the above discussion are likely to spill into social strife. Therefore, researchers, the state authorities and the federal government should find long lasting solution to immigration problems facing Georgia State.