In this task I will describe key features of employment law that are related to employer and employee relations. [P4] Using the eight pieces of employment law in the task sheet, I will give clear descriptions of their relevance to employer and employee relations. I will apply the laws to British airways. British Airways has become the world's second largest airline carrying more than 28 million passengers from one country to another.
Main aim of British Airways is to provide outstanding service to its customers at an affordable price. Equal pay Act 1970 The Act requires that men and women have equal terms and conditions of employment if they are both employed in similar or the same work. Discrimination is deemed to exist where there is a comparator of the opposite sex performing work of equal value or work rated as equivalent in the same employment, who is receiving a higher reward by the employer.
Sex Discrimination Act 1975 Sex discrimination against employees or job applicants can result in employment tribunal claims for unlimited compensation. Both employers and individuals can be held liable. Discrimination can also result in bad publicity, poor morale and damaged business potential where, for example, promotion is granted on the basis of sex rather than ability. Health and safety at work Act 1974
An Act to make further provision for securing the health, safety and welfare of persons at work, for protecting others against risks to health or safety in connection with the activities of persons at work, for controlling the keeping and use and preventing the unlawful acquisition, possession and use of dangerous substances, and for controlling certain emissions into the atmosphere; to make further provision with respect to the employment medical advisory service; to amend the law relating to building regulations.
It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, as far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all his employees. Without prejudice to the generality of an employer's duty under the preceding subsection, the matters to which that duty extends include in particular Race Relations Act 1976 Under the Race Relations Act, it is unlawful to discriminate against anyone on grounds of race, colour, nationality (including citizenship), or ethnic or national origin.
All racial groups are protected from discrimination. Disability Discrimination Act 1995 It is unlawful for an employer to discriminate against a disabled person whom he employs- (a) In the arrangements which the employer makes for the purpose of determining to whom he should offer employment; (b) In the terms on which he offers that person employment; or by refusing to offer, or deliberately not offering, him/her employment. Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1988 (COSHH)
This Regulation seek's to control exposure to hazardous substances which arise out of, or in connection with, work which is under an employer's control. They apply to all work in which persons are exposed, or are liable to be exposed, to substances hazardous to health. Trade Union Reform and Employment Rights Act 1993 An Act to make further reforms of the law relating to trade unions and industrial relations; to make amendments of the law relating to employment rights and to abolish the right to statutory minimum remuneration.
The trade union should: (a) supply to the scrutineer as soon as is reasonably practicable after the relevant date a copy of the register of names and addresses of its members as at that date, and (b) Comply with any request made by the scrutineer to inspect the register. The law gives you the right to join a trade union wherever you work. This right applies whether a union has been recognised or not.