Immigration is now considered as a major political issue in most some countries. There are more people who oppose immigration, but some still agrees to it because of economic reasons. Two main arguments that support the idea of immigration are economic and cultural arguments. Economic arguments are the ones relating to labor supply and cultural arguments are the ones relating to the importance of cultural diversity. There are four main simple themes which are xenophobia, economic issues, environmental issues, and the idea of national identity.
There are only a few who are granted a 100% open borders. Some believe that the adjustments in the restrictions regarding immigration will help on the improvement of globalization. There are also some who believes that people from poor countries should not enter a rich country because the resources that their (rich countries) have should not benefit the people other than the “real” citizen of their country. People from these rich countries believe that no one should have their high standard of living.
The concept of increased labor migration is also one of the views regarding immigration. Multinational corporations makes use of immigrant labor, although it the small businesses that really benefits from it. In particular sectors, the use of green card systems aims to facilitate limited labor flows. Labor-market protectionists often oppose this kind of immigration. Their argument is often focused on then issue of economic nationalism.
They argue that the jobs of a nation is for the people of that certain nation and allowing people from other countries to get those job is equal to a loss of their property. Another common argument is that immigrant employees received a lesser pay compared to non-immigrant employees. In this case, immigration depressed wages. Some believes that it is a reason to limit the cause of immigration as well as immigration itself. Some insist that the legal aspect of immigration should focus on giving equal opportunity to everyone so as not to exploit anyone’s right.
One of the arguments of those who oppose immigration is the allocation of resources. Some argue that what belongs to a country should be use by the people of that country alone, and foreigners should not benefit from it. Immigration is seen as a way to alter national identity. In the United States, environmental opposition to immigration is very popular. Immigration is a very controversial topic among environmental activists. Some advocates the reduction of immigration because of the overpopulation and the degradation of the environment.
Terrorism and national security have also become associated with the politics of immigration. Ethics of Immigration The freedom of moving from one place to another is a form of civil right which can be granted to people living in a certain country, but when the issue is concerned with the relocation of people fro m one country to another, a bigger legal issue is involved. Moreover, this freedom excludes other people because it is limited to the citizens of a certain country.
International treaties do not allow the movement from one country to another without the due process of law. The Article 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights said that: “Citizens may not be forbidden to leave their country. There is no similar provision regarding entry of non citizens. Those who reject this distinction on ethical grounds, argue that the freedom of movement both within and between countries is a basic human right, and that the restrictive immigration policies, typical of nation-states, violate this human right of freedom of movement.
Note that the right to freedom of entry would not, in itself, guarantee immigrants a job, housing, health care, or citizenship. ” (Immigration) Although immigration is permitted in some countries, it is usually discerning. There is a slight change when it comes to the selection process, but more often than not, the skilled, educated, and wealthy ones are often given the higher priority. Most people, especially those who come from poor countries are often not given the kind of opportunity given to those who are in the upper class of the society.
It is said that within a democratic government, the principle of equality should apply but more often than not, immigration issues conflict with the principle of equal opportunities. One of the factors in illegal discrimination is the fact that there is no opportunity for unskilled labor, when a lot of developed countries have high demands for unskilled labor. Many argued that it is a form of exploitation of unskilled labor. One of a very controversial issue regarding immigration is the loss of the educated minority in a poor country.
This is referred to as the Brain Drain. This can intensify the global inequality when it comes to the standards of living. It is in some ways advantages to the country where skilled workers are going, but definitely a disadvantage to the country being left behind. An example is the high demand for nurses in highly developed countries like the United States and Europe. A country, like the Philippines, is a country with a lot of nursing graduates. Fresh graduates usually go to the US or Europe to practice their career.
It is a good thing because they can be able to send money to their families, but on the other hand, they cannot help in their country’s need for health workers. The high paying job in developed countries is the primary reason why nurses in the Philippines opted to use what they learned in other countries. Another example is the flight of the teachers from the Philippines to highly developed countries. Instead of helping their fellowmen and using the knowledge they learned fro their own country, they opted to teach foreign kids because the Pasteur there is greener than with their own country.