Criminology & Texas Police Reforms

Patrol by the police is aimed at improving and promoting law and order in the community. The two type of patrolling offer the same functions but they differ in satisfying the set targets. However, the two methods offer their unique advantages and disadvantages in the field in response to crime or accidental scenes in the community and also in maintaining law and order. This essay discusses the most efficient method to be used by the police in maintaining law and order in the community by comparing the advantages and disadvantages respectively associated to the two methods.

In foot patrolling, the police do the patrolling without any form of automobile. They are associated with many advantages. First, they are the most economical and cost effective form of patrol to be used by a country that is experiencing some kind of economic down fall. This is because they do not require purchase of automobiles and gasoline or petrol which is an additional expense to the government. Secondly, these types of policemen are able to walk to the most inaccessible places by the automobiles.

These are the places where criminal activities are rampant because of lack of law observation by the criminals who feel secure to carry out their activities. In addition to that, hey are able to communicate face to face with people around the community and hence built trust and confidence in them (DPD, 2010). This is in contrast to the police patrolling with cars because they will only arrive when crime has occurred or when called for help hence a risk to the community. The police patrolling on foot are in a position of detecting and dealing with crime without the notice of the criminals.

Automobiles are easily noticed by the criminals and the criminals can easily run away before being arrested. On the side of the foot patrol police, the police are able to chase the criminals even on crowded areas and arrest them without causing harm on the people passing by in the community. They are able to chase people who go across barriers such as fences and hedges as compared to the automobiles which must pass on a clear road (TPDS, 2010). It is evident that criminal activities are being carried out in the most critical places where the criminals can no be easily accessed by the policemen.

Foot patrol is beneficial for the police patrolling in the town or a big city full of congested people and traffic. Police using cars to reach the crime scenes in big towns are affected by the heavy traffic even if they have the lights and sirens on. On the streets, there are a lot of pedestrians who may be injured by the top speed rushing car. Therefore, the police walking on foot are able to get faster to places fast and it becomes easier to dispatch a foot patrol team to anything that may happen down town that it is to dispatch a police car this is what has made this form of policing to gain popularity within the force.

There are the associated disadvantages of foot patrol in carrying out their duties more effectively. First, there is the risk of mobility in the police patrolling on foot. This policeman will be affected by effectively pursuing an offender due to the poor form of transport which is delayed. The adverse weather conditions will hinder the performance of the patrol system and the equipments that should be necessary in the field may not be availed due to the inability to carry them over long distances. In addition to that, there is a poor response to incidents that may occur at the other part of the patrol area where they are assigned.

This is likely to promote crime as the criminals are in a position to monitor the police movements as they carry out their activities. Finally, the area of operation of the foot patrol is restricted to a smaller area; this is because their response to far areas is low as compared to the automotive patrol. Automotive patrols involve the use of cars in the police patrols. They are highly popular due to their high mobility which makes the policemen able to respond to incidents of law breaking and situations of emergency.

They are able to reach a more intense area of coverage than what is provided by the foot patrol police. An advantage being provided by the automotive patrol is the fact that the vehicles used by the patrols are made in such a way that they match the type of terrain that is at that place. This is important since the patrol area comprises of the different terrain areas in the community. Automotive patrol may include the use of cars motorcycles or bicycles by the policemen on patrolling. One of the most common advantage is the fat that, automotive patrol saves the manpower to be employed hence a saving to the government.

Though a country should invest more in law and order maintenance, it should take into consideration the most cost-effective way of operation. A car patrol police officer is in a position to cover a more diverse geographical region which would have otherwise been covered by a number of foot patrol police officers. This saves the additional expense that would otherwise be incurred by employing more police officers. A more advantageous side of the automotive patrol is the response to the emergency and crime incidences.

It is evident that by a police officer using a car or a motorcycle, there is a higher probability of responding to issues of emergency in a diverse area. There is a relatively low effect of weather changes on the patrols and they can carry on with them all the necessary emergency equipments which are necessary for their operation (TPDS, 2009). This is different from the foot patrol police officers. The automotive motorists have a disadvantage of reducing the personal contact with people in the community which is essential in crime detection.

They also pose an increased cost of maintenance and operation of the automotives and this is due to the increased number of patrol troops in many areas of operation which has necessitated reforms. In addition, not all areas in the community have good road networks; this means that this type of patrol has been less effective in such areas. In addition to that, there has been a need for the additional training requirements for the police officers for safe operation of the patrols in the crowded places and also the remote areas (Hafner, 2009).

Therefore, in close examination of the two patrol systems the reforms have been necessitated by the need of determining the best system that is more applicable to the area of operation. In this, the automotive patrols have gained applications to the area that have a wider coverage and need faster response to the emergencies while the foot patrols have gained usage in the towns and crowded areas such as the streets of big towns. The force has recognized that, the use of a particular system where it is not applicable has always ended up bringing negative results.

References Dallas Police Department DPD. (2010). Neighborhood Police Officer, viewed on 3 June 2010 from <http://www. dallaspolice. net/index. cfm? subnav=53&page_ID=1194> Hafner, M. (2009). Changes in Organizational Culture in Community Policing. The FBI Law Enforcement Magazine, Vol. 104. P. 13 Texas Department of Public Safety TDPS. (2010). Crime Control through Policing. Retrieved on 3 June 2010, from <http://www. txdps. state. tx. us/ > Texas Department of Public Safety TPDS. (2009). Highway Patrol, Retrieved on 3 June 2010 from <http://www. txdps. state. tx. u