Another major immigration reform has revolved around addressing the plight of millions of illegal immigrants who are already in the USA but continue to be classified as illegal immigrants. This is a significant number and repatriating such a big number may not be feasible leave alone being practical. This debate on what to do with millions of immigrants settled in the USA has attracted different opinions with some calling for granting of automatic American citizenship to every illegal immigrant and other calling for automatic expulsion of every illegal immigrant in the USA .
This debate is still inconclusive and what will happen to the millions of the illegal immigrants in the USA is set to unfold sooner than later. Obviously, there are key considerations to make when arriving at the ultimate action to take against illegal immigrants but what is for sure is that immigrants play a very significant economic role in the USA especially when it comes to supply of unskilled labour and working in some industries, which have traditionally been repelled by Americans.
Concerning what to do with millions of immigrants already in the USA, there are those who have suggested granting of amnesty, which basically refers to forgiving those who have stayed in America illegally, worked there, and failed to honor the duty to pay taxes. This has attracted stiff opposition from the Bush administration, which is of the opinion that amnesty will unfairly forgive those who have deliberately violated the laws of America by not only illegally staying there, but also failing to pay taxes.
As far as the current administration is concerned, immigrants must honor their duty to pay taxes and failure to do so should be met with stiff penalties. Nothing is of more concern to the administration in as far as illegal immigration is concerned than the security threat posed by illegal immigration through the porous borders. While it is not practical to eliminate illegal immigration completely, in this era of post 9/11 nothing should be left to chance when it comes to securing the American borders.
To that effect, the Bush administration is experimenting with reforms aimed at helping newcomers to assimilate into the American society as a show of willingness to secure lawful entry of immigrants into the USA as opposed to illegal immigration. The government has invested millions of dollars in erection of physical barriers such as the over 700-mile phase along Mexican-USA border.
The physical erection of the border fence is aimed at physically preventing illegal immigrants from Mexico from entering into the USA. Although this has been met with stiff opposition from the Mexican government as well as some people in the USA, the government continues to increase funding of the border security program, which is part of the immigration reforms aimed at curbing the illegal immigration from the USA.
The government has maintained that all the efforts and reforms geared towards resolving the immigration problem is made for the benefit of American citizens and to some extent benefit of the immigrants who upon entry into the USA face unprecedented challenges such as: vulnerability to exploitation, discrimination as well as poor living conditions occasioned by their illegal status in the USA.
Proponents of immigration reforms have made it clear that the reforms are geared at creating “a fairer and more compassionate environment” for the immigrants who legally settle in the USA. In addition, this will achieve the accordance of civil rights to the immigrants something, which has not been possible in the past owing to the controversy surrounding the immigration debate.