In their technical option report, Fairweather and Rogerson (2004), suggest a set of agents involved in the deployment of electronic elections, namely: • Central Government: the government should take a big part in putting this project to success. As it is the nation’s dream to have an honest election, the government should do whatever it can to come up with a system that would provide the kind of requirement they need for election. They are responsible in delegating people to maintain the system. • Local Government: The Government’s Department and Local sectors should also take part in securing the e-voting system.
The National Election Committee, main government and the local government like the municipalities should also do their part in securing the election in their places through guarding the different election posts, supporting the election volunteers and guarding the system. • Minority groups – Non-government groups like the church and volunteers should act as eyes and ears in the election. The youth particularly the students should start knowing their responsibilities while they are young. They should know the importance of guarding the votes of their fellow citizen and the significance of an honest election.
Through this, the future children will be responsible in maintaining a good election as they grow. • Citizens as voters – The responsibility of voters doesn’t end after voting. Citizens should be watchful during election as well. They can volunteer to participate in the election or if they cannot, they can still be active through silently observe the election at their homes, do not start any political rallies and patiently wait for the result. • Suppliers of technological elements – System Vendors and other technological elements should also know their responsibilities of selling their product.
They should have an honest objective for the election if they are to sell an e-voting system. Their power in using technology should not give them the authority to control the election instead, they should be the one who must guard it against attackers. • Systems developers – Programmers, System analysts, Project managers and all the people concerned to the development, delivery, installation and deployment of the e-voting system should try their best to make the public trust their capacity to create a truthful system that has no personal or political agenda.
They are also expected to maintain, guard and fix the system whenever there is an attack or program errors. With the combined efforts of all groups, it is very possible for the project to run smoothly and professionally. Conclusion The e-voting system is described to be the best solution for a computerized election to answer all the problems in manual election. However, like technology, e-voting systems also face a lot of issues, risks and problems during implementation. All of these contribute to the security issues on the deployment of e-voting systems that makes the public doubt its integrity and performance.
Listed below are the summarized root causes of problems that can cause e-voting system to fail: • The lack of sufficient and detailed procedures to control specific activities of commercial vendors prior to the election and during the election; • The lack of sufficient and detailed procedures to control specific activities of government officials prior to the election and during the election; • Measures of procedural security that are in place but are inadequate to cover all aspects of the electoral process
• Measures of procedural security that are in place but there is a lack of agent compliance to them. (Xenakis, Macintosh p. 7) The issue of security in electronic voting has two aspects: the technical security and the procedural security aspect. It can be argued that the technical aspect is of greater importance since electronic voting is a technical solution, however it does face certain barriers, which can only be overcome by further technological advances in the general field of e-transaction technologies and user authentication.
Even though there are limitations with the technical security, we can enhance the present level of security by focusing on the procedural aspect of it Certain issues described in the study are attackers and technical issues that make the program ineffectively. Side from the technical issues, there are still other more issues that the e-voting system has like the vendor, government, public and media issues that we should be taken good care of by the people, government and the developers to avoid more problems in the coming days.