Businesses and government services

This assignment is about ICT in society. It will show how ICT has impacted my local community in such places as local Schools, businesses, and government services. I live in Great Steeping, which is approximately 2 miles from civilisation and the nearest shop. This shop will not be included in my assignment as the most technological this shop gets is that it has a bell above the door to show when someone enters. As I do not have access to many services where I live I have to branch out further to Spilsby, which is approximately 4 miles away.

Spilsby is not a particularly large or technologically advanced town so I may have to extend my area to Boston, which is 20 miles from where I live. I will set this assignment out beginning with a table showing the different services and how they use ICT. Service ICT in use Police service Database off all known offenders Walky Talkies Fingerprint scanner Speed trap cameras Call Connect bus service GPS for busses Mobile Phones Electrically closing doors on bus Central Phone centre Spilsby surgery Database of records of patients

Online contact information Database of drugs Great Steeping Primary School Motion detecting alarm system Spilsby Town Hall Traffic light noise pollution detector Projector PA System Somerfields Supermarket EPOS Stock control database Electrical tills Automatic doors Dentists Drug Database Patients records on a database Service: Police Service * Database of all know offenders This database affects my community in ways people cannot easily see, this is because it is not shown to affect people in their day-to-day life.

The way in which this technology helps the police conduct their work is by having a database of criminal records they can easily find out about what criminals have already done by searching the database using their fingerprints that they may find if a criminal already has a criminal record. This database is also often added to when a new criminal gets caught and his/her records are taken. This form of information technology does not really affect the general public in their day to day life yet has a huge impact on it. If this technology wasn't available then no more jobs would be available so it doesn't have any major disadvantages.

Walky Talkies Walky talkies aid the Police force in such a massive way, not only whilst trying to contact them to go to a scene of crime but also whilst the crime is being committed, in car chases for example. They work by……… If this technology was not invented or used by the Police force then either crime would be much higher as no one would be able to contact the police men, or the amount of police men employed would be greatly increased to cover a larger distance where their naked eye would be the only tool of their trade They way in which these devices work is their own hindrance, they are limited to a certain area

Fingerprint scanner A fingerprint scanner works by taking and exact replica 2-D version of a print that is placed on the scanning surface. This enables a positive identification to take place if fingerprints are found at a crime scene. Fingerprints are unique to every person so when a fingerprint has been found and this person is on the offenders database then they can be recognised by the system immediately in most cases with no mistake. Without this technology fingerprints would be no use because with the naked eye most fingerprints do not look much different to others.

The disadvantage of this system is…………. Speed trap Cameras To most people this technology is a nuisance; it slows traffic down, costs people money and aggravates the highly-strung. To others it is a lifesaver, it is true that it slows down traffic, because when they see the cameras they slow to avoid a fine, if they do not slow they get a fine. In the process of slowing traffic it makes it safer for drivers and pedestrians as drivers tend to obey the actual speed limit for which it is safe to travel on that particular piece of road.

This technology aids police in catching speeders when they do not expect it. It works as a hand held device……….. The disadvantage with this technology is that the police men cannot be everywhere at the same time so speeders cannot be watched over constantly, as the devise is hand held the operator is required to stand relatively close to the road, this is a hazard as to my knowledge they are frequently on bends in the road, so if a car judges the corner wrongly and goes onto the verge they are likely to hit a Police man.

Call Connect Bus Service The call connect bus service is a type of taxi which runs in the countryside to connect the villages without a regular bus route with towns that do. To get a bus you have to call the central telephone system and ask for a bus at a certain time and tell them where you are leaving from and your destination. They then contact the busses and find out which is nearest and tell them where to go.

GPS (Global Positioning System) A GPS is a navigation device, which uses satellites positioned in the Earths atmosphere to triangulate a fixed position on Earths surface. A most up to date GPS now can use up to 21 satellites in the atmosphere to find a position, but more commonly an 8 satellite GPS is used. In this particular case the GPS is used to determine the position of the busses, it also helps them navigate through unknown places.

The job of a GPS receiver is to locate four or more satellites (there are 27 in orbit, 24 working and 3 spares), work out the distance to each satellite and use this information to figure out its location. This is based on a simple mathematical principal called TRILATERATION. Once the receiver has made this calculation to make it more user friendly it converts the raw data into map forms stored in its memory. The disadvantage with a GPS is that some people may not be aware of how to uses them; although once they have been used a few times the operations become second nature.