Young Offenders Institute

Detention is normally in a Young Offenders Institute (YOI). In theory only people over the age of 18 can be sent to an adult prison. Young offenders are held in separate units. A person aged 18 or over is sentenced of imprisonment or a suspended sentence. Before passing a custodial sentence the court will want to know more about the convicted person and will order the probation service to produce a report on his / her work, school, lifestyle, domestic circumstance and other relevant information. How the Young Justice system works?

Pre-crime prevention aims to identify those young people who are at risk of offending and to try to prevent them from entering the youth justice system.. When a young person first gets into trouble by behaving in an anti-social way or committing a minor offence, the police and local authority can use a number of tools including Police Reprimand, Acceptable Behaviour Contracts, and Anti-Social Behaviour Orders, all of which aim to support the child or young person and prevent them from re-offending.

If they commit a first or second offence, the police will give them a Reprimand or Final Warning which are orders intended to prevent the young person from entering the youth justice system too early and would give Westminster YOT the opportunity to offer the support and help needed to stop the young person from re-offending. Once the child or young person is charged by the police after committing further offences or charged with committing a more serious offence, Westminster YOT's role is to ensure that the underlying causes for the Offending Behaviour are addressed

After being charged, the young person would appear in a Youth Court and the Court would decide whether to hear the case immediately or if it The Youth Offending Team – a multi-agency partnership set up under the direction of the Crime and Disorder Act. The team includes representatives from social services, police, probation, education and health. The aim of the team is to work with young people and families to address factors that lead to offending behaviuor (age 10 – 17). Secure Training Centres

Secure Training Centres (STCs) are purpose-built centres for young offenders up to the age of 17. They are run by private operators under contracts, which set out detailed operational requirements. There are four STCs in England. Secure children's homes focus on attending to the physical, emotional and behavioural needs of the young people they accommodate. They are run by local authority social services departments, overseen by the Department of Health and the Department for Children, Schools and Families.

Secure children's homes provide young people with support tailored to their individual needs. To achieve this, they have a high ratio of staff to young people and are generally small facilities, ranging in size from six to 40 beds. Secure children's homes are generally used to accommodate young offenders aged 12 to 14, girls up to the age of 16, and 15 to 16-year-old boys who are assessed as vulnerable. Describe how local agencies, for example, Youth Offending Team, Probation Service, and Victim Support work together to provide support for young offenders and their victims

There is a YOT in every local authority in England and Wales. They are made up of representatives from the police, Probation Service, social services, health, education, drugs and alcohol misuse and housing officers. Each YOT is managed by a YOT manager who is responsible for co-ordinating the work of the youth justice services. Because the YOT incorporates representatives from a wide range of services, it can respond to the needs of young offenders in a comprehensive way. The YOT identifies the needs of each young offender by assessing them with a national assessment.

It identifies the specific problems that make the young person offend as well as measuring the risk they pose to others. This enables the YOT to identify suitable programmes to address the needs of the young person with the intention of preventing further offending. The National Probation Service (NPS) has brought fresh aims and duties for probation, it has accelerated the development of effective ways of working with offenders and it has created new central and local structures. Each year the probation service commences the supervision of some 175,000 offenders.

The caseload on any given day is in excess of 200,000. Approximately 90% are male and 10% are female. Just over a quarter of offenders serving community sentences are aged 16-20 and just less than three-quarters are aged 21 and over. Summary How safe are teens wherever they go? Despite many people's attempts, teen violence is something that hasn't completely come to an end. Life is an organic ever changing phenomenon. Every man in this world is subject to pass by the circumstances and challenges of his age. Most of the young people commit crimes because there is no sense of community anymore.

Outside their school and colleges, there isn't as much chance for the children to communicate among different parts of the society and most of them stick to the group they know. The children who have intellectual, talented genetic relations outshine others because of mainly their training. The youth whether indulge into wrong from right or right from wrong traces its background to it, upbringings and parental- childhood relationship. The children who in their childhood prong to harsh and exploitative environment in the early age of their learning, in adult age comes like an imbalanced personalities and anthema to society.

To eradicate this menace of youth crime, we have to put all our efforts to popularise enlightenment, education, merit, equity, and equal opportunities of chance to everyone. Parents should be imparted values and education to teach and transfer it to children and so we would succeed in producing healthy and compatible youth. There are many organizations out there that help prevent teen violence, some which include the National Alliance For Safe Schools, Mothers Against Teen Violence, The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, and more.

Is there anything else though, that we can do to prevent teen violence from escalating to an even higher level? I hope so. Conclusion Some young crime is done because of the way they were raised. Parents that are careless to whom their child is handing out with, this is a situation were the child might get involved with the wrong crowd. The days of youth going to play in the park, going to school, hang out are all come to any end. These times are being replaced by breaking the law in most cases and will remain so until the law is changed and the rules become more strictly.

Bibliography

  •  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/7523152.stm