World merchandise trade by region and selected economies, 2011 $bn and %

a. Imports are valued f.o.b.b. Includes the Caribbean. For composition of groups see the Technical Notes of WTO, International Trade Statistics, 2011. c. Algeria, Angola, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Libya, Nigeria, Sudan. d. Hong Kong, China; Republic of Korea; Singapore and Chinese Taipei. e. Common Market of the Southern Cone: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay. f. Association of Southeast Asian Nations: Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam. Source: : WTO Secretariat.

Appendix Table 2World trade in commercial services by region and selected country, 2011 $bn and %

a Includes the Caribbean. For composition of groups see Chapter IV Metadata of WTO International Trade Statistics, 2011. b The EU’s total commercial services exports and imports exclude the transactions of the EU institutions in 2011. The difference when compared to the sum of the individual EU member states’ services exports is small but it is larger on the import side. Additionally, imports in 2011 also exclude “quasi-transit trade”, which accounted for 2.5% of the EU(27) total commercial services imports in 2010. Note:

While provisional full year data were available in early March for 50 countries accounting for more than two thirds of world commercial services trade, estimates for most other countries are based on data for the first three quarters. … indicates unavailable or non-comparable figures.

Source: WTO and UNCTAD Secretariats.Appendix Table 3Merchandise trade: leading exporters and importers, 2011$bn and %

a. Imports are valued f.o.b.b. Singapore’s retained imports are defined as imports less re-exports. c. Secretariat estimates.d. Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export. – indicates non-applicable.Source: WTO Secretariat.Appendix Table 4Merchandise trade: leading exporters and importers (excluding intra-EU (27) trade), 2011 $bn and %

a. Imports are valued f.o.b.b. Singapore’s retained imports are defined as imports less re-exports. c. Secretariat estimates.d. Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export. – indicates non-applicable.Source: WTO Secretariat.Appendix Table 5Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services, 2011 $bn and %

a preliminary estimates.… indicates unavailable or non-comparable figures.- indicates non-applicable.

Note: Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated. Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies, and by limitations in cross-country comparability. See the Metadata. Source : WTO and UNCTAD Secretariats.

Appendix Table 6Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services(excluding intra-EU27 trade), 2011 $bn and %

Top 25 multinational corporationsRank ▾| Company| Revenues($ millions)| Profits($ millions)|1| Exxon Mobil| 452,926.0| 41,060.0|2| Wal-Mart Stores| 446,950.0| 15,699.0|3| Chevron| 245,621.0| 26,895.0|4| ConocoPhillips| 237,272.0| 12,436.0|5| General Motors| 150,276.0| 9,190.0|6| General Electric| 147,616.0| 14,151.0|7| Berkshire Hathaway| 143,688.0| 10,254.0|8| Fannie Mae| 137,451.0| -16,855.0|9| Ford Motor| 136,264.0| 20,213.0|10| Hewlett-Packard| 127,245.0| 7,074.0|11| AT&T| 126,723.0| 3,944.0|12| Valero Energy| 125,095.0| 2,090.0|13| Bank of America Corp.| 115,074.0| 1,446.0|14| McKesson| 112,084.0| 1,202.0|15| Verizon Communications| 110,875.0| 2,404.0|16| J.P. Morgan Chase & Co.| 110,838.0| 18,976.0|17| Apple| 108,249.0| 25,922.0|18| CVS Caremark| 107,750.0| 3,461.0|19| International Business Machines| 106,916.0| 15,855.0| 20| Citigroup| 102,939.0| 11,067.0|21| Cardinal Health| 102,644.2| 959.0|22| UnitedHealth Group| 101,862.0| 5,142.0|23| Kroger| 90,374.0| 602.0|24| Costco Wholesale| 88,915.0| 1,462.0|25| Freddie Mac| 88,262.0| -5,266.0|The ranking is based on revenue and profits of the companies.

Fastest growing traders.

Rank| Country| Real GDP growth rate|1| Mongolia| 17.50|2| Turkmenistan| 14.70|3| Ghana| 14.40|4| Qatar| 14.10|5| Solomon Islands| 10.70|6| Timor-Leste| 10.60|7| Panama| 10.60|8| Zimbabwe| 9.40|9| China| 9.20|10| Iraq| 8.90|11| Argentina| 8.90|12| Papua New Guinea| 8.90|13| Eritrea| 8.70|14| Rwanda| 8.60|15| Turkey| 8.50|16| Sri Lanka| 8.30|17| Uzbekistan| 8.30|18| Liberia| 8.20|19| Kuwait| 8.20|20| Laos| 8.00|21| Ecuador| 7.80|22| Equatorial Guinea| 7.80|23| Estonia| 7.60|24| Ethiopia| 7.50|25| Kazakhstan| 7.50|

India Predicted to be Fastest Growing Trade Market Till 2020 – HSBC Global Trade Forecast Emerging Markets to Drive Global Trade Rebound The HSBC Trade Forecast highlights India’s critical role in world trade growth over the entire period till 2030.

As per the Forecast, India represents the fastest growing import or export partner (or both) between 2013-15 or 2016-2020 for 23 markets.India’s trade growth can be linked to its growing consumer wealth and emerging middle class; investment in infrastructure development; the impact of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI); its diverse range of exports and a move to produce goods higher up the value chain, and its developing role as a supply chain hub for Asia.

Dual speed’ growth driven by South-South trade The HSBC Trade Forecast is outlining a dual speed trade rebound as South-South corridors become more established, driving growth to 2015. before being rejoined by the developed world in the later part of the decade.

According to the HSBC Trade Forecast, powerhouses India and China will be joined by emerging trading nations including Vietnam, Indonesia, Egypt, Turkey, Mexico and Poland to record significant trade growth in the next three years. As these economies industrialise, trade in higher value goods will increase, reflecting the greater maturity of these faster-growing economies with large populations and rapidly expanding middle-class consumer markets.

By 2020, HSBC expects that forward-thinking companies worldwide will have exploited multiple trade corridors and partnerships, created effective networked supply chains, and tightened efficiency in their operations as a result. This trend continues through 2021-30, contributing to a stabilising of trade growth which also reflects the growing maturity of emerging markets. Key market and trade corridor trends from the HSBC Trade Forecast:

* India tops the tables for all 23 markets surveyed as either their fastest import or export growth partner out to 2020. * Bilateral trade between China and India is set to increase significantly. India will be the fastest expanding market for Chinese products, with export growth averaging 20% a year during 2013-15 and 17% a year during 2016-20. Meanwhile, Indiaexports to China are set to grow 23% between 2013-15 and 19% in 2016-20.

* South south trade continues to show up as a trend. Brazil’s fastest growing trade partners are India, Vietnam and China and Mexico’s imports from India and China will grow 13.9% and 13.4% respectively between 2016 – 2020. * Indonesia exports to the rest of Asia (ex-Japan) are expected to grow at a solid pace of close to 10% a year over the period 2021-30. The fastest growing trade routes will be to India and China over the medium term (2013-2015), led by their insatiable demand for commodities.

* Singapore’s exports to Asia (ex-Japan) are forecast to rise by a fairly robust 7% a year on average during 2021-30. But the fastest growing trade routes will be with China, India and Vietnam over this period. * Bangladesh is forecast to develop its role linking ’emerging Asia’, driven by trade growth with India throughout the period. Bangladesh’s trade is expected to increase 19% between 2013-2015 and 14% between 2016 -2020.

* Malaysia is forecast to see strong growth to Latin America in the years to 2020, at approximately 9% in the period 2016-20, underpinned by a greater sophistication in the products imported by the continent, particularly in electronic goods. Malaysia’sexports to Brazil are predicted to grow 14% annualised over the same period. * Vietnam is expected to record double digit annualised trade growth throughout the forecast period 2012-30. China will have overtaken the US as Vietnam’s largest export partner by 2030 but the US, Japan and Korea will remain key sources of demand for Vietnam.

* Australia’s main export markets are in Asia, and this will continue. Australia’s exports to Asia (ex-Japan) are forecast to grow by 6% a year in 2013-15. * Hong Kong’s total exports are forecast to double from 4.8% in 2012 to 11.4% annually throughout 2013-2015. Although China will remain Hong Kong’s most important trading partner, other developing East Asian nations will become increasingly important, with exports to Vietnam set to grow by 8% a year in the decade to 2030.–hsbc-global-trade-forecast-181977161.html

Largest TNCs in InfrastructureCompanies from developing economies (in green) now key players

Company| Home country|Vodafone| United Nations|CLP Holdings| Hong Kong |Orient Overseas International| Hong Kong|China Communications construction Co.| China|DP World | |SingTel| |PSA International| |Hyflux Limited| |YTL Power| |