In the present day, travel is playing an important role in our daily lives and the tourism industry is entering a booming era. Like other industries, the emergence of tourism industry must have its reason. Tourism industry can be defined as all the various businesses that provided service for tourists. In this essay, I will talk about the value of the tourism industry for tourists, organizations, destination countries and local people to explain why there is a tourism industry. Tourists need tourism industry in each part of their journey. Beginning a journey, tourists want to know the information about the destinations.
To meet tourists’ needs, plenty of tourism websites have been built. Tourists can find all details of destinations like weather, famous food and landscape on the websites. Before starting the trip, tourists need plans for the routes, so more and more travel agencies have turning up. Travel agents can help tourists to arrange their travel routes effectively and book air tickets or ship tickets for tourists. From generating region to destination region, different tourists want different types of transportation. People who want to spend less time on their way may choose to travel by airplane.
In the past time, air companies may just have the main air routes. With the increasing number of tourists who want to go to remote places, new air routes have been continually opening that makes people’s travel much easier. Some people do not like travel by plane because it is expensive, then trains would be their first choice. Compared with airplanes, traditional trains always test passengers’ patience. Currently, High-speed railway systems have had a sound improvement, which provides a cheaper and more efficient trip. For further convenience, now maglevs are chasing behind.
Car rental is another business for tourists. In China, not every family has a car like western countries’. When people want to make a short trip to near cities, they can rent a car travelling with families. Last but not least, the market of cruise ships is flourishing because some travelers want to have a luxurious trip. About 100,000 international tourists traveled to New York by cruise ship in 2009, according to various industry estimated (Quittner 2010, p. 15). Travelers can find almost everything they want on the ships like restaurants, pools, spas even casinos.
Each traveler therefore would take their journey by the most suitable transportation thanks to the tourism industry. After arriving, because people travel for diverse purposes so they need diverse services. To business travelers, there is a saying, time is money. As soon as the customers arrived, airport hotels would be usually chosen for quick meeting and rest. Now, many hotels have commercial floor. There is a separated reception for business travelers to quicker check-in and check-out. Backpackers may not have a big budget, so they need economical accommodation.
Youth hotels now can found in almost every big city, they can share rooms with other backpackers or just rent a bed there. Young adventurers who want to escape from mundane lives prefer the unexplored area. So related services like safeguard service and tent rental business have been set up. Disabled tourists need more thoughtful service, some hotels established special rooms there have larger space for wheelchairs. In order to communicate with the deaf and mute tourists, employees of some service organizations have been trained to learn the easy sign language.
In today’s modern life, a new group of tourists have appeared, they travel not for business or vacation. These tourists most came from western countries and they want to get medical help. Asia is their destination because most Asian countries have the traditional therapy like herb treatment and acupuncture. Thailand claimed to have the largest number of medical tourists and was reported that in 2004 some 118,701 American, 94,941 UK and 35,092 Australian patients were treated (Conell 2011, p. 63). With that tendency, more therapy centers need to be established to cater the medical tourists.
Before leaving, tourists like to buy some souvenir in order to memorize their trips and some others like to bring gifts to their friends. They want something like postcards and handcrafts which can present the characteristic of the destinations. So tourists need souvenir shops. Organizations realize that they can get magnificent profits from tourism industry, and exploit tourism market can insure the long-time success and sustainable development. Tourists need organizations to provide service, mutually business organizations need to diversify their service to development.
Transportation organizations now focus on tourists instead of cargo. Traditional restaurants change their menus to cater foreign customers. Many organizations have bound together to sell their products through tourism industry. When tourists load on tourism website they can get coupons of restaurants. When tourists book air tickets or ship tickets from tourism agencies they can get discounts. When tourists stay in a hotel on specified days they can get tickets of zoos or tickets of scenic spots. Countries need tourism industry not only to get economic income but also to spread their culture and history.
With the astonishing achievement of industry and transportation, many countries opened their borders. This movement greatly improved the expansion of tourism market. The most important reason for countries to facilitate tourism industry is that tourists bring numerous economic benefits. The total contribution of tourism to Gross Value Added in the Australia economy in 2007-08 was $ 62. 9 billion (Driml et al. 2010, p. 8). Tourists expending money on travel-related expense accelerate the economy of destination countries. Walker (2009, p.
59) presented the multiplier effect that when a tourist spends money to travel, to stay in a hotel, or to eat in a restaurant, that money is recycled by those businesses to purchase more goods, thereby generating further use of the money. Tourism also creates huge amount tax revenue in destination countries. For instance, total net tourism taxation in Australia was $ 6922 million in 2003/04 (Forsyth et al 2007, p. 6). In the contemporary world, globalization has a deep impact on people’s lives. But some developing countries and undeveloped countries still cannot connect with the developed countries or be regarded worldwide.
These countries now attract foreign tourists by means of holding International Tourism Festivals. Tourism Festival which can communicate a sense of identity and meaning can also project outwards as being symbolic of the nation (Cochrane 2008, p. 311). Tourists can find traditional food, handcrafts and shows there. This measure through the tourism industry let more and more people visit their countries and get economic benefits. In the meantime, Traditions and culture of destination countries were understood and speared around world by tourists.
Thanks to tourism industry, local people have solved the problem of unemployment and increased their income. With the development of society, the competitiveness in market is fierce. It is not easy to find a job for people even they have high education experience. And there is still a group of people who are not educated or instructed, just have little or no formal schooling. They are hardly to find a job. Fortunately, with the tourists coming continually, more hotels and restaurants have been built, more employees have been hired.
In particular, some lower standard jobs like housekeepers, porters and waiters do not need special knowledge or technology. So employers will hire those local people then just give them a short-term training. In 2006, the World Travel and Tourism Council reported that tourism industry employed over 230 million people and it was a significant portion of the world’s workforce (Cooper & Hall 2008, p. 252). Tourists accelerate the economy of destination countries so local people can get benefits from that.
With the increase number of tourists, the income of local people who work for the tourism-related business is arising. Specially, in lots of mountain area, local people have a limited scope of activities because of the transportation problem. They may be born in a deserted village, grew up and live there for the whole life hardly contact to the outside world. Like their ancestors, they all lived on farming. Farming is seasonal, except the cultivation and harvest season, most time local people have nothing to do and have no income.
With the expansion of tourism industry, tourists come to the mountain area. There are no hotels, restaurants and shops. So the local people rebuild their houses to offer travelers food and accommodations. They also can sell groceries and souvenirs to tourists. Tourists who like hiking can hire local people to be their guides and rent mules to carry their luggage. To these local people of mountain areas, tourism industry may be the only way to increase their income. In summary, the tourism industry has existed for a long time and is becoming the biggest industry on this planet.
The importance of tourism industry has been already recognized. People can perfect their lives, organizations and countries can develop, get economic profits and profound benefits through tourism industry. There is no denying that tourism industry is needed by the whole world. Ceaseless development and expansion of tourism industry would be inevitable. References Quittner, J 2010, ‘The cruise ships are coming in’, Crain’s New York Business, vol. 26, no. 9, p. 15. Conell, J 2008, Medical Tourism, CAB International, London.
Driml, S, Robinson, J, Tkaczynski, A & Dwyer, L 2010, Tourism investment in Australia: a scoping study, Sustainable Tourism CRC, Australia. Walker, JR 2008, Introduction to Hospitality, 5th edn, Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. Forsyth, P, Pambudi, D, Spurr, R, Duyer, L, VanHon, T & Hoque, S 2007, State and Federal Taxes on Tourism in Australia, Sustainable Tourism CRC, Australia. Cochrane, J 2008, Asian Tourism: Growth and Change, Elsevier Science, UK. Cooper, C & Hall, CM 2008, Contemporary Tourism: An International Approach, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, Boston.