They can advertise and sell their shares to the public and financial institutions. Public limited companies can have lots of shares owned by lots of different shareholders.The company is run by a board of directors appointed by the shareholders. Disadvantages: Setting up a public limited company is expensive. There is a lot of administrative work involved and at least 50 000 has to be raised before a public limited company can be set up.
Tecsave Supermarkets were started by Robbie Peers in 1947. At first he was a sole trader and only had one shop. Most companies begin as sole traders. A sole trader makes all the decisions in his business and gets all the profits he makes. There are problems to being a sole trader however, you may hit problems because of your own expertise and you must work long hours in order for your business to survive.
Tecsave became a private limited company in 1957 and they opened 55 more shops. This meant that shares in the company could be sold to make extra money for the business. Robbie Peers could then use this money to build new outlets to expand his company even further. Becoming a private limited company gave Tecsave the limited liability it did not have before when Robbie Peers was a sole trader. Limited liability offers security within the business and means that if the company gets in any debt, the shareholders are not at risk and will not have to give up their own possessions to get the company out of trouble.
Later on, in 1985 Tecsave became a Public Limited company with 187 shops in Britain. Becoming a plc. Is a way of raising money as shares in your business can be sold on the stock market to anyone. The money used from selling these shares is useful in a big business in order to expand it and make it even more well known. Tecsave can open even more outlets with the money made selling shares and can also make existing stores even more modern and customer-friendly. To become the leading supermarket in the country, Tecsave will need to have the most stores open in every town. To do this needs money, which is why it was a good idea for Tecsave to change from being a private limited company to a public limited company.