What are the lessons of Vietnam?

— Deadline: April 7th, 2014 in class (papers received AFTER the beginning of class will be considered to be late). Late Penalty: 5% per day (out of 100%) will apply for any papers received after the deadline. (i. e. April 7th at 3::30pm =5% penalty; April 8th =10% penalty, etc…) NO EXTENSIONS WILL BE GRANTED (exception: serious medical problem and a medical note). Computer problems WILL NOT justify an extension. — Length: 6-8 pages (double-spaced, 12 pts, normal font; bibliography and endnotes not included).

— A Scholarly Research Paper tests your understanding of researched texts as well a comprehension of the contributions of reference sources found in academic journals and books. As such, your bibliography MUST include a MINIMUM of 3 books and/or articles that you have researched for your paper. These can come from course materials, suggested readings, and/or independent research. — Sources: You MUST cite your sources properly (footnotes, or endnotes, or ‘bracket style’ and bibliography). 2) TOPICS:

— Essay Assignment should be related to one of the ten topics/issue areas relating to War and the State specified in the Course Outline and addressed in the course during the Semester or listed in Research Essay Topics on the following page.. — The Specific Topic is a matter of your choice. However, subjects outside of the topics/issue areas outlined in the syllabus or the attached list of Research Essay Topics should be cleared with the Instructor. When in doubt – ask! 3) ARTICULATE, DEVELOP AND CRITICALLY ASSESS YOUR THESIS A CRUCIAL aspect of your paper: it has to contain CRITICAL ANALYSIS and NOT just provide a simple description.

You need to articulate a clear thesis around which your entire essay is structured: tie your discussion to your thesis; and critically assess the significance of your findings. Thus, for example, if you were interested in researching the lessons of “brinksmanship” in the Cuban Missile Crisis, you should: 1) begin by asking yourself precisely what you wish to explain, i. e. did ‘brinksmanship’ intensify the crisis during the Cuban Missile Crisis; 2) conceptualize what factors account for this phenomenon and construct a related thesis, i.

e. “brinksmanship” in the crisis was intensified by mutual distrust, miscommunications and fear; 3) state your thesis at the beginning of the essay; 4) tie the “descriptive” parts of your essay to your thesis; and 5) conclude your essay by critically assessing the significance of your research, i. e. are there lessons of “brinksmanship” in the Cuban Missile Crisis that travel across space and time and have relevance to the outbreak of wars and/or potential peaceful resolutions of contemporary international crises?

The difference between a B and an A on your essay involves critical thinking that requires not only the aforementioned critical analysis, but also YOUR creative thinking demonstrating that YOU have made sense of your research. Be sure and articulate why you feel the way you do about your conclusions. POTENTIAL RESEARCH ESSAY TOPICS “Means and Ends”: A Gandhian Critique of Realism Why was the Battle of Stalingrad so significant in terms of modern warfare? Why did the Cold War stay “Cold”? Was this inevitable? Why was Berlin so significant during the Cold War? Is it still important?

What are the lessons of Korea? What are the lessons of Vietnam? How Does Crisis Induced Stress Affect Processes and Outcomes Relating To Foreign-Policy Decision-Making? Biological Perspectives on Conflict: How “Natural” are Human Aggression, Conflict and War? Is War is a Mere Continuation of Policy by Other Means? Are there enduring issues among humans that cause War? Do events in the 20th century and the early part of the 21st suggest a redefinition of War? Does War result from an inevitable Clash of Civilizations and/or Religions? (Was this the explanation for war in Bosnia? Kosovo? Syria? )

Does the War in Iraq constitute a unilateral approach to a multilateral world? Will what Peter Bergen calls “the longest war” – the enduring conflict between America and Al-Qaeda ever end? Are wars of terror different from other wars? Do they constitute a new form of warfare? If so, how? Can the wars in the former Yugoslavia offer global lessons regarding post-conflict transformations? If so, what are they? If not, why not? Is War a Force That Gives Us Meaning? How? Why? Can transitional justice work to erase the scars of wars in the Balkans? Of so, why? If not, why not? Is it possible for humans to move beyond war? If so, how? If not, why n