Welfare, as quoted in Andrew Heywood’s Politics, is defined as “Well-being in general. Politically, welfare is usually associated with collectively provided welfare delivered through the mechanism of the welfare state. The welfare state is a state that takes primary responsibility for the social welfare of its citizens, discharged through range of social-security, health, education, and other services albeit different in different societies. ” Majority of the welfare policies passed in the United States is concerned about the education and health services of its citizens.
The implementation of these policies is dependent upon the various state bureaucracies that are tasked to oversee and execute these policies. Through the years, many forms of state intervention have been done in various administrations, some opposing state welfare and some advocating its causes; notably in the 1980’s in Pres. Ronald Reagan’s administration where he is for state interventionism, alongside with the then UK’s Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Their support for the ‘big government’ ideology, touted as “Reaganism” and “Thatcherism” spurred massive oppositions especially from the New Right Advocates.
The New Right supporters were against government sustenance especially in welfare policies for the New Right advocates argued that this will only lead to massive government debt brought about by the massive spending of the state which will consequently and ultimately result to the inhibition of state growth. Welfare states, also known as “cradle-to-grave” states take social-security significantly. Such states provide for its citizens the basic necessities for decent living such as housing, health, and education.