Weimar Republic / Weimar Government exist after World War 1, during 1918 and 1933. It was recalled as a colossal political failure, political crisis and increasing unemployment only lead to Hitler’s Third Reich. Although National Socialism was created, Nazi party (1919) was also created to obliterate the republic’s stability. Germans does not recognize the new form of government, as they are well reflected to a socialist. The problem exists after World War 1, constitutional change, political breakdown, increasing inflation and unemployment.
The government was not able to contain its people and thus result to its collapse; confers the rise of Hitler’s political control of the country. Impact of World War 1 The German’s food sources were decreasing at the time the war ended. The German army collapse and resulted a defeat to the German nation. The German people blame the politicians rather than military exhaustion. Consequently, they formed a new government to replace the thrash government. Versailles Treaty Versailles Treaty was the major burden in the Weimar Government which took over in its continuation. Upon the treaty (were imposed by U.
S. A, Britain and France), the government of Germany is force to capitulate its territory in France (i. e. Alsace-Lorraine), Denmark, Poland, and Belgium. The government was also forced cut their army at 100, 000 men and was not allowed to amalgamate with Austria. The government’s army was illicit in western provinces, mandated to pay the damages caused in the war and banned from the League of Nations. The effect of this treaty was felt within the government and its people. The country is banned from any communication with other countries and reduced significantly its resources.
Revolts produced commotion in the country which affects the stability of the Weimar government. Although the Kapp Putsch in 1920 was not successful, several groups were formed against the government which, resulted to upheaval in the country, collapsed of the economy, and the government itself. Consequently, the Versailles treaty served as key in Germany’s political stability (Eyck, 2007). Occupation of French and Belgian army / Great Inflation The occupation of French and Belgian troops in Germany resulted in increase (logarithmically) inflation.
Expenditures that were completed disfavored the German government to provide living to its people. Although the currency was able to stabilized, numerous bank depositors were bankrupted. Banking crisis erupted and unemployment increases resulted from inflation in the country. The country was not able to do business in other countries since the government was restrained / contained by the reparations and the country do not have enough resources to supply the country’s basic needs. The Failure of Weimar Republic
The key in the fall of Weimar Government include; Versailles Treaty, revolts / movements against the government, inflation and reparations imposed by the treaty. Reparations caused the economy to struggle; support for the government was not in appearance. Because the government can not provide employment, the people wanted a dictatorial government. The German’s crave to end up reparations, solve political crisis and end up economic catastrophe. There is no unity within the republic. The government and the leftist do not generate ways to solve crisis in the country. Such, a numerous minority groups formed to end up the democracy in Germany.
Problem in Weimar Republic The greatest flaw in the Weimar republic was the constitution itself; it gives too much power to the President and its military while voting was divided and weak. Proportional voting causes division of parties which, the parties were unable to arrive at the majority and led to continues changes in the government. Consequently, the government created an ineffective constitution. The military and the German states were fully under the control of the government. Such, the government was often disregarded. In addition, many political figures wanted to obliterate the present government.
Conclusion The constitutional amendment done by the German’s was ineffective and inefficient. This only cause a little war among German’s and bring a chaotic scenario in the country. German’s are unusual with democracy and have fewer chances to succeed in their country. Whilst, inflation, unemployment, and political crisis swell, common people revolt against the government. Thus, result to formation of movements against the government, division among political parties and nearly collapsed of the government. With inefficient constitution formed, the government wasn’t able to solve the crisis German’s are experiencing.
The government can not take control of the military and the German states. Thus, result many successes of revolts. The flaws present in the Weimer republic gives a historical picture to other countries in a democratic system. Systems of government do succeed depending on the need and its appropriateness to the country. Too much power given to the highest official resulted to inefficiency and infectivity of the system. Thus, causes anarchy and commotion of the country.
Eyck, Erick. (2007). Fall of the Weimar Republic. URL http://www. barnsdle. demon. co. uk/hist/tyra. html. Retrieved September 16, 2007.