Sir Robert Peel came to represent the leadership of the Criminal Law Reform movement in 1823. Mr. Secretary (Secretary for the Home Department) Peel rose to bring forward his promised motion. He had now, said agreeably to that motion, to apply to the house for leave to bring in Four Bills, having for their object the simplification and consolidation of statutes relating to the Criminal Laws.
1. The first of those bills was intended to consolidate and amend the laws relating to theft, and various offenses connected within. . The second was to amend the law relating to another class of offense against the subject, namely, a willful and malicious injury of property. 3. The third bill, for which he should move, would be to consolidate and amend the laws relating to the remedies against the hundred. 4. The fourth which he should submit to the notice of the House would have been suppressed by the first three bills. In order not to encumber the statute book, by introduction of separate acts if parliament for the attainment of that object.
By submitting these bills to the House started a new form on Criminal Law which allows distinction of each crime and punishment. The Maintenance of Law and Order before 1829. Authorities had few resources to cope with riots, crime and disorder. Country parishes and smaller market towns had constables and the local watch and ward. This was the old Tudor system. In London the Bow Street Runners were set up in 1742. Troops were used to keep order. Local militias were used for local problems.
Spies were used to track down those who were suspected of disaffection. Debate about the creation of a standing police force in England raged during the early part of the 19th Century. Confronted with political objections and fears of potential abuse Sir Robert Peel sponsored the first successful bill creating a bureaucratic police force in England. In 1829 Peel’s Metropolitan Police act was passed by Wellington’s government. Sir Robert Peel set the foundation for community policing and established new standards with laws and statutes.