E-voting’s approach as discussed in our paper, is much different from the traditional and physical ways of election method. Because of these differences, there are four (4) risks that can be encountered: 1. The digital nature of the ballots. 2. The complexity of the systems used. 3. The lack of transparency (to the voters and electoral authorities) of the systems used. 4. The existence of people that have special abilities and/or privileges in the systems used. (Jorba, Ortega Ruiz, Brown n. d : p. 4)
These four risks act as the source of a whole range of possible threats and attacks like equipment malfunction, programming errors and more that are serious and can threaten the integrity of the elections and weaken the confidence of people in democratic process as well. These risks are also the challenge of every administrator to work in all the best that they can to make the public see that e-voting can still help fasten and if they want to implement e-voting to their country. Issues As e-voting is hard to handle, let us also consider the different sides of issues that all face in electronic voting:
Political Issues “There is a strong case to be made that the responsibility for decisions regarding voting technology should be taken out of government hands. While this is an issue relevant to politics, it should never become a political issue. An Electoral Commission, such as exists in the UK, would reduce the risk of mixing political motives with public interest. ” (McGaley, McCarthy. n. d. ) E-voting systems cannot escape the eyes of politicians. Not all of them are in favor of electronic voting.
This maybe because of they lack of confidence in the system or they want to have personal control over the election that’s why they want it done manually. Either way, politicians are very good in inspiring and influencing people. E-voting technical team should be alert to justify the stability of their system if they want to endure the statement of politicians to go manual voting. Who is the developer of the system? Can their company be trusted with our votes? How can the people be sure that the government and the company have no personal objectives in the system?
These are just the few questions that the public has to ask the government and the people behind the e-voting system and even if those questions are answered, no one can ever be sure if the vendor and the government are telling the truth or not. As the people are unaware of the real scenario happening in the back of e-voting system implementation, the media plays a big part to inform the public about the latest events in the election as they are the public’s representative to see whatever is happening. It has the ability to influence the public whether to believe in the capacity of e-voting or to go against it.
The press and the people together can raise issues that can terminate the implementation of the e-voting system. These kinds of issues should not be treated lightly for they are the overall representative of the country. Security Implementing e-voting has a very big responsibility as we already discussed in the previous pages. We already discussed the risks, challenges and issues that will rise if it is not handled well. All of it will break the systems overall security that would finish the system’s credibility to operate.