Culture is a vital part of nation in such a way that it serves as a backbone of its identity. It is a definitive representation of ethnicity, origin, heritage and history of a nation’s people. Traditionally, culture’s aesthetic endeavours include the country’s creative and performing and visual arts such as: classical music, traditional songs and dance, painting, architecture and sculpture.
Modern art culture, meanwhile, has given birth to creative industries which include advertising, fashion design, art and antique market, video game development, software design and engineering, interior design, handicrafts, motion picture production, publishing, radio and television broadcasting, multimedia production and record industry, (The British Department of Culture, Media, and Sport 2005). Culture is considered as a country’s most prized possession; it is likewise a country’s wealth that cannot be taken away from its people.
This is because culture has other substantial effects on other domains such as economy, tourism, and labour, which all contribute in promoting national identity, one way or the other. Hence, the legislation and implementation of intact cultural policies poses as one of a particular government’s priorities. Cultural policies, meanwhile, aim for the preservation of national cultural traditions and values (“Webster’s World of Cultural Policy,” n. d. ).
And serve as the primary roots of national distinction, honour, strength and inspiration (“Webster’s World of Cultural Policy,” n. d. ). Such policy also serves as the essential tool to enrich the country’s cultural values as well as to prevent any incursion or influence of other immense countries (“Webster’s World of Cultural Policy,” n. d. ). South Korea has experienced different challenges in the framing of their cultural policy (Yim, 2002). The primary challenge came in the fact that South Korea’s culture suffered under the Japanese colonisation.
most of the country and its people experienced deprivation in establishing their own cultural identity (Yim, 2002). The Korean ceramic makers, for instance, during the Japanese invasions on the Korean peninsula have failed to establish Korea’s ceramic industry, in large part, due to the Japanese abduction of potters who were brought to Japan to design what is now considered as traditional ceramic ware (Japanese Traditional Pottery 1995). The separation between South and North Korea also affected and influenced its history as well as its cultural identity.
Primarily, the separation of the two Koreas roused a sense of competition between the South and the North regarding which culture should be placed in the pedestal of legitimacy. Anti-communism then became the core concept of artistic culture movements, this in turn has prompted the government to control communism motivated cultural endeavours (Yim 2002). In light of the facts and information written above, it is plausible to say that the South Korean government must support Korean cultural and artistic activities in order to empower its own cultural identity.
Moreover, the South Korean government must assist with such activities as part of the promotion of both ancient and contemporary culture. In this sense, policies toward the preservation and cultivation of South Korean culture will refresh the minds of the citizens of with regard to their growing culture. This move would also inculcate national pride in their lives, making them more aware of the circumstances happening around them.