A human right violation is treating a person, or a group of people,in a way that undermines,denies or violates any legally established human right. This shows that human rights violations occur when a state or non-state actors contravenes the international accepted human rights. Although more countries than ever have democratic political systems,the consolidation of democracy remains difficult while specific groups of people still face major human rights violations. Within countries,many factors underlie human rights violations.
Economic liberation, privatization and corruption have clearly contributed to these violations. (Kobtzeff, 2002 pp 21-23) On the international front, international factors affecting the human rights situation are on the increase with the United Nations not being very effective in enforcing its declarations. Even when the western countries espouse democracy and human rights, on there other side their policies often lack coherence and therefore being selective in the violations they criticize and thus clear that economic and geopolitical interests often override the concerns for human rights.
This selective attention to human rights issues undermines the credibility of international action for human rights. The complex interdependence among nations forms the nature of international relations in two ways. First, the multiple interaction channels among the states interdependent deprives the diplomats monopoly in foreign policy and secondly,the interdependence obscures the supremacy of geopolitical concerns in states foreign policy. Due to these changes ,the use of military power becomes obsolete.
This is overly simplistic picture of the world reality. Many international disputes notably trade are settled through judicial and quasi-judicial means. Although military exercises are still made , policy makers have to take economic,legal and social effects into account. This theory assumes only the interdependence between industrialized democracies. If these states interdepends with a non-democracy state,the story changes. Therefore for a totalitarian state,interdependence will not aid in the multiplicity of policy making.
More to that,interdependence relativizes states geopolitical interests only in a polyarch. This means that the policy priorities are only single-handedly defined by a few people in power. Due to this ,its clear that dictatorship favors the use of military power in suppressing its people. A dictatorship uses its resources to supress its peoples demand for human rights observance. This leads to people dissatisfaction with the government and it may lead to a revolution by the people.
When two states become interdependent, the mingling of state governance occurs . For them to live in harmony,they must create interstate institutions for global governance. If the interdependence and hence the transnational governance is created between two or more democracies that embrace the protection of human rights,no confrontations can occur. However, interdependence between democratic and non-democratic states will always have relational problems as a democratic state provides human rights protection while its the opposite in a non-democratic state.
Interdependence between two different types of governments impacts on domestic governance of each state. Globalisation on the other hand has gone in line with the increasing power of multinational companies. We find that these international companies have more business volume that even exceeds the gross national product of low-income countries. These multinational companies can influence the human rights issues negatively through their policies and practices towards the labour force and through commercial exploitation.
As in earlier periods , the war against human violations will will be won through not having divisive values. The world is moving fast and all human rights should be protected by each country strengthening its social arrangements so as to protect them. An economic environment needs to facilitate access to human rights as well as protect them especially in the non -developed poor countries. For human rights also to be fulfilled, there is need to have a democracy that is inclusive.
The states and other global players also have greater obligations in the protection of these rights. The world's system of governance needs also to be transparent and fair thereby helping also the smaller poor countries. This means that achieving all these rights will require action and commitment from all the concerned individuals and groups. Its evident that global change in peoples attitudes is needed so as to support human rights observance.
The growing global interdependence and the numerous scarcity of resources and the capacity in poor countries underline the need for the international community to take much stronger action to promote human rights and as a result there will be peace in the world coupled by other developments like eradication of poverty,improved better living conditions among other things for the benefit of human race.
Kobtzeff, O. “A Compilation of Online Materials: The Human Rights Violation. ” Provoking Migratory Movements. Britannica, 2002 pp 21-23.