This coursework deals with the Human Resource Management in the view of a 21st century human resource manager by comparing indigenous leadership philosophies on human relations of US President Barack Obama, Great South African Leader Nelson Mandela, the former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, and the late Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi, effected and stimulated the relationship with their diverse followers.
It deals with their early days, their social and political views, how they gathered and managed their followers and how they became great leaders of their time in context to the region, culture, population, the ways they followed, the hardships they met to attain their glory as great leaders of their country. The interpretation of the poem 'The Leader To Be' by Ella Wheeler Wilcox says that a leader should be person with humanity for total eco system of the world. The leader should be believer of united work and not Monarchy.
The leader should consider the people as himself and not as slaves to work for him. The leader should focus on the peace and freedom of the people and not run behind money. The leader should guide the people to peace and spirituality. The leader should provide the people with hope, strength and kindness. It also deals with the Manager's view on these leaders and leadership theories, their application to modern day human resource management and their practical applications.
"The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall. " One of greatest leader the world could find Nelson Mandela; he was born near in South African village called Umtata in Transkei in 18th July, 1918. His father Henry Mandela was the chief of Tembu tribe. Mandela got educated in Fort Hare University and Witwatersrand University and finished his law in the year of 1942. His started his political life by joining the African National Congress Party in the year of 1944.
Mandela's discipline and hard work got the attention of leaders of African national party and got him the post of secretary of the youth league in the year of 1947 . He fought against the apartheid policies of the ruling National party in the year of 1948 with the weapons like boycott, civil disobedience, strike and non cooperation which then became the policy of African National congress party. He had to undergo trial for treason from the year 1956 to 1961 and was acquitted in the year of 1961.
In the same year, he formed a organisation called UMKHONTO WE SIZWE for using military type violence against the government, For that he and his fellow leaders of African national party and Umkhoto We Sizwe were arrested in the year of 1963, Nelson Mandela was brought to trail for plotting to overthrow the government. Mandela's statements in court got the attention of the international community towards him. Even though, Mandela got a life imprisonment from the year 1964 to 1982. He was prisoner in Robben island prison and then in Pollsmoor prison.
In these years Mandela's reputation grew great heights and was accepted as South Africa's significant black leader who was the symbol of resistance as the anti apartheid movement. He became more famous for not using his political position to get freedom. After he got released in the year of 1990, 11th February, he made his and his fellow leaders dream come true after forty years by organising the first national conference of African national congress in South Africa in the year of 1991, after its ban in the year of 1960.
Nelson Mandela always believed in democracy, equality and learning, he never was a racist even with the kind of provocation he had. He is a symbol of human spirit over inhumanity shown by man against man. In the year 1993, Nelson Mandela received his Nobel peace prize for the peace he brought to all South Africans. Nelson Mandela became the first democratically elected president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. Then he retired from politics, started living in his place of birth and still working for the world peace.
He is one of greatest leaders not only for South Africa but also for the whole world. The leadership style he had is being in the front, taking the responsibility, stubborn at any situation. For Mandela it was not about the way it was all about destination to reach. His human resource management style was simple, soft, guiding and sacrificing which attracted people towards him. It was all about sharing and kindness for him. From his great life the lessons a 21st century Human resource manager can get is sharing, guiding and kindness. There should be no room for inequalities.