Even way before the September 11th attack, the United States has been aggressively intervening on many countries’ political and security matters. Among the many countries that extensively being influenced by United States military forces are Iraq, Iran, and Colombia. There is no question regarding the intention of the said military interventions of the United States on the above mentioned countries, the point is, are the programs and strategies of the United States are effective enough or at least moral enough to claim that they should continue intervening the supposedly ‘independence’ of Colombia, Iraq, and Iran?
This paper will present various arguments on the status and condition of United States’ military intervention on key countries at present and the end of this paper, expect a conclusion if the United States should continues its military intervention to many countries especially to Iraq, Iran and Colombia. Plan Colombia of the United States
In order for the United States to intensify its fight against drugs, it started to provide military intervention on Colombia’s terrorist groups that serves as the major producer and supplier of drugs on the streets of various cities of United States. Aside from the military aids, the federal government of United States also provided funds that would help the Colombian government to fight terrorist groups such as the Revolutionary Arm Forces of Colombia [FARC] that inhibits on the outskirts of Colombia and makes illegal activities such as kidnapping and narcotics production.
The said military and financial aid of the United States’ government supports the so-called “Plan Colombia” of the Colombian government that aims to integrate the strategies of the United States and Colombia to combat the narcotics industry, promote peace process, reviving the Colombian economy, and fight against terrorism (Leech 1).
Though the intentions of the United States are good in the sense that it aims to promote peace and destruction of illegal activities in Colombia, but the said military intervention of the United States only caused FARC and other terrorist groups in Colombia to intensify their guerilla tactics by kidnapping more civilians and foreign entities in Colombia and increase their forces to fight back against the combined forces of the Colombian government and the United States (Clark 1).
Furthermore, there have been speculations that the United States has hidden agenda for intervening on the ‘sovereignty’ of the Colombian government and that is – controlling the international trading policies of the Colombian government on the benefit of the United States by relaxing trading barriers and openness of the Colombian government to American investments and capitals.
Overall, instead of solving the terrorist and paramilitary activities in Colombia, the United States intervention only made the situation worst by making various guerilla groups like FARC to become more serious on their illegal activities plus the fact that the United States has its own selfish reasons for helping the Colombian government. Up to the present, the Colombian government still faces their problem on FARC and other paramilitary groups that ravages the peace and order situation of their country. Freedom Agenda of the United States
In order to store peace and order as well as fight various terrorist groups in Iraq and Iran, the Bush administration decided to send American troops on the said countries and launch military actions like counter attacks, bombing and the like (Kamiya 1). Al Qaeda, terrorist group responsible for the September 11th attack in New York, is the main target of the US troops. The declaration of War of US President Bush against the former Iraqi President – Saddam Hussein divided the beliefs of the global community.
Many are supporting the said action of the United States in order to prevent the worsening of global peace and order situation, others believes that it was just a way of the United States to control the sovereignty of the government of Iraq and Iran specially when it comes to political and international policy making for their own benefits at the end of the day. In order to support the military intervention of the United States, the federal government launched the so-called
“Freedom Agenda” for Iraq which primarily aims for the democratization of Arab countries especially Iraq and Iran through holding elections. It is also included on Freedom Agenda program of the Bush administration the economic development programs like the formation of the Middle Eastern Free Trade Area Initiative and Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiative that aims to provide Arab states with higher economic development.
At a broader look, one can say that the United States’ government is so generous and great for helping the Arab states solving its problems on terrorism, achieving higher economic development, restoring peace and order situation, and promoting democracy. But on a closer look and critical evaluation, one can see the dark side of United States’ real purpose and intention for launching military intervention and establishment of various international programs and that is – controlling the sovereignty of the Arab states and skewed all the political, legal, and economic policies of these states towards the side of the Americans (Burnett 1).
The formation of Middle Eastern Free Trade Area Initiative and Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiative are just few of the many programs of the United States’ government to control economic policies of the Arab states for them to gain more benefits in terms of international trading and intensify their political influences over the Middle East since the said economic programs can be utilized by the American in order to relax the trade barriers for American exporters, control the oil price on the world market, and free entrance of American investments to Arab states just like the case of Colombia as discussed earlier (Yerkes 1).
In this regard, it is therefore clear that all of the military interventions of the United States only provides short term solution to a problem of one country and almost all of the United States’ program only generates greater benefits for the Americans, not to mention the successfulness of their programs like the case of Plan Colombia which ended up worsening the peace and order situation of Colombia. Being the top consumer, the United States wants a control over the Arab countries especially in oil export industry since most of the top oil producers around the world are in the Middle East.
At the end of the day, it is still up to many which side to believe. This paper only presented various arguments and points raised by many political analyst and journalists around the globe, and based from all of the above presented arguments, it is therefore clear that the military interventions of the United States to Colombia, Iraq and Iran do not provide long term solution on the problems at hand and most of the benefits moves towards the sides of the Americans not to mention the failure of some of their international programs like the Plan Colombia.
- Clark, Peter. “Failed Plan Colombia.” 31 July 2003. The Nation. 12 June 2008 <http://www.thenation.com/doc/20030818/clark>.
- Burnett, Bob. “Bush’s Failed Freedom Agenda.” 25 June 2007. OpenDemocracy.net. 12 June 2008 <http://www.opendemocracy.net/democracy_power/american_power_world/bush_failed_freedom_agenda>.
- Kamiya, Gary. “Iraq Taught Us Nothing.” 6 November 2007. Salon Media Group. 12 June 2008 <http://www.salon.com/opinion/kamiya/2007/11/06/iran_war/>.
- Leech, Garry. “Plan Colombia: A Closer Look.” July 2000. Colombia Journal. 12 June 2008 <http://www.colombiajournal.org/plancolombia.htm#Top>.
- Yerkes, Sarah. “What Price Freedom? Assessing the Bush Administration’s Freedom Agenda.” Brookings Institution. 12 June 2008 <http://www.brookings.edu/papers/2006/09middleeast_wittes.aspx>.