Drug abuse and addiction is indeed a social matter of concern. As clearly stated in this study, it is not only the adults who are directly affected by the results o addictive drugs to individuals. The effects of drug abuse especially to women, young, middle-aged or old-aged bring so much agony to the society. Women as whole are the teachers of the generations present in the world today. Without their warm and loving guidance, most individuals would have a hard time becoming fine persons as they grow.
This is the main reason why the government should spend time creating ways by which women are to be encouraged to change their ways away from abusing drugs. Large effort and conviction of being able to help them change their ways is required. Yet with constant and considerably fine development, these goals are not that hard to reach. Rehabilitation should be given better attention not just by implying incarceration upon those who are found guilty. It must always be remembered by the individuals in charged in solving this matter that simply putting drug abusers away from the society does not solve the problem.
Helping the offenders change their ways, making them realize that they have some worth to the society, gives longer, and more practical results that not only the ex-female-offenders would be thankful for but also the whole society. As drug policies become more punitive to certain group of women, several steps of reforming the incarceration systems in US are formulated for implementation. Today, there are some steps taken by the justice system of the US government to reduce the rate of incarceration in the said country.
As referred to the journal “New Incarceration Figures”, the said steps of policy reformation are the following: • “Reconsideration of sentence lengths by judges, sentencing commissions, and legislatures”; • “Enhance drug offender diversion to treatment through drug court and other mechanisms”; • “Increased development of alternatives to incarceration that can provide services and supervision that meet the needs of individual offenders”; • “Reconsideration of policies that result in unnecessarily lengthy incarceration, such as “three strikes” laws, “truth in sentencing,” mandatory sentencing, and life without parole”;
• “Enhanced use of judicial discretion through increasing the range of factors that can be taken into account at sentencing and providing options to mandatory sentencing”; • “Reconsideration of parole revocation policies, particularly for technical violations, that have increasingly contributed to prison admissions; • Reallocate justice system funds to support greater investments in “community justice” programs that can target services pro-actively to communities heavily affected by both crime and incarceration.
” (“New Incarceration Figures: Thirty-Three Consecutive Years of Growth”) With the application of the changes proposed by the judicial systems of US which are listed above, it could be determined that the incarceration rates are expected to decline. Take notice of the second factor of change, which is related to drug addiction policies. It could be observed that the rehabilitation processes on the abusers are taken as an alternative way of facing the challenges of dealing with the abusers of the substances.
With regards to women, it could be identified that the rehabilitation processes would be more helpful especially on the vulnerability of women to give in to the desires of their flesh. Instead of incarceration, reformation of the personality of the abuser is much more effective and practical for all victims of drug addiction. 4. 2 Recommendation Since this study is mainly based upon the researches that have been duly done by other experts on the topic, the author suggests that further actual interviews on the parties involved in the issue could be conducted.
Hence, doing so would result to a more practical and on-time result for the topic being discussed in her. Aside from this, further suggestions on how the dilemma of drug addiction and women incarceration should be faced could also be formulated by other researchers who opt to take the same steps of researching on the same topic. Constant updates on the latest statistical data with regards to the development of the implementation of the processes of reformation and adjustment listed in the summary could also be observed by other enthusiasts of the subject.
This then would give higher competency on the practicality and the accuracy of the reports presented in a study. 4. 3 Conclusion As the problem of drug addiction grows, it could be noticed how much strict governments become with regards to the implementation of laws on the matter. However, it could not be denied that amidst all the efforts of the governments and the local organizations on the fight against drugs, rates of crimes and other social problems related to drug addiction continues to rise. Also, social and racial discrimination are so much prevalent in the justice system.
Aside from this, women who are incarcerated because of the plague brought about by drug addiction continue to rise in number. In this regard, addressing the need of reforming or rehabilitating the drug abusers instead of incarcerating them could help in the process of addressing this problem. Being able to rehabilitate former users of drugs would not only help in the reduction of incarceration rates but also in the production of a better society for a better future. Also, it would be a way by which women inmates could change their lives to becoming more productive people in the future.
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