There are pleasant substitutes for the dreary word “prison”, especially in a world where political rectitude often sweeps the darker side of reality. Most of the time, people prefer “penitentiary” or “correctional facility”. They believe that “vocational training” and “social services” are provided in these places. The term ‘inmate’ is even chosen over the disapproving word “prisoner. ” Nowadays, when looked under the facade, it would be obvious that prisons are in front of serious problems.
To name such, there are the very high cost of retain offenders and lawbreakers behind bars and the expanding chasm between the goals of incarceration and the actual results. However, there are still some queries on the effectiveness of imprisonment. People notice that although the number of prisoners has climbed to over eight million, the crime rate has not drastically dwindled. Furthermore, even though a large number of those who stay in prison are because of crimes that involve drugs, the accessibility of drugs on the community and on the street are still a critical concern.
On the other hand, many still believe that imprisonment or incarceration is a punishment of choice. When the criminal is jailed, they feel that justice is served. Lawbreakers are put into prison for some certain reasons. Four primary reasons are noted: (1) to punish the offenders, (2) to protect society, (3) to prevent future crimes; and (4) To rehabilitate criminals, teaching them to be law-abiding and productive after their release. (Boyum) The subject of interest is not only those lives that have been tapped by crime, but also everybody else.
In any case, they have a direct impact on your peaceful thinking if not on your very safety, whether these prisoners that are released have been improved or only toughened by their experiences inside the jail. The prison system does not guarantee the suppression of the criminal behavior. As Time magazine remarked, when prisoners lost productive way to use their time, they often spend the hours putting up a reservoir of bitterness. Additionally, they grab a bag of criminal behavior, which they will bring back outside.
(Coomber) Prisoners are exposed to inhumane conditions. This results to the weakening of the public confidence in the prison system. Barely candidates for rehabilitation are those inmates who have suffered unreasonable treatment while completing their sentences. Also, many human rights groups are concerned and bothered about the uneven numbers of minority groups inside jail. As a result, they even query whether this is just a twist of fate or the result of racial discrimination.
Recognizing these factors concerning incarceration situations basically exaggerates the actuality that every year, in all parts of the world, increase in number of incarceration rate still happens. In addition, this increases the uncertainties brought about by the reality that because of the restructuring of US drug policy, more and more women are incarcerated every year. Along with this, they also experience the undesirable situations in the prison homes.
This study then shall highlight the facts behind the disturbing growing rate of women inmates in the US prison houses, the causes of the said report, and how US drug policy affects these women. 1. 1 Purpose of the Study This study is expected to become highly inclined to discussing several issues on the connection of the US Drug Policy reformation with the increasing rate of incarcerated women in the US prison houses. Listed herein is the breakdown of the purpose of the study that is to be discussed in this paper; • To expand the phenomenon of increased female incarceration due to US drug policy.
• Focus on how these phenomena have been influenced by US role expectations for women and its enforcement on women of varying class and racial backgrounds. These main purposes direct this study to a certain path that leads to concluding the factors that contribute to high rate of incarceration among women in the US. Hence, this study could further more evaluate on the effects of the US drug policy to the social views of the American society towards women who in a way goes against the policies that the state has created.
1. 2 Research Questions To add up to the clear path of this study, these questions are to be considered by the researcher as this paper is treated towards its completion. The said research questions are as follows: • Within the groups of incarcerated women, which would be considered in this paper, which may have been treated differently or more punitively based on their social class or race? • Is this a social expectation of how people should behave due to their gender, race or class?
With these research questions, the theme of this study could be determined and thus the study is drawn directly in connection with the facts needed for the completion of this study. 1. 3 Hypothesis The hypothesis of this study is based upon the treatment that the women and men inmates receive form their colleagues and the authorities in US prison hoes. Thus, the hypotheses further states: Overall, men and women were treated more punitively for their drug crime, due to the federal sentencing policy and practice set forth as a result of the war on drugs.
As obviously stated, the hypothesis of this study is mainly focused upon the fact that is to be researched. These facts would in turn propose the proof of the fact being suggested by the author of this paper that in many ways, the reformation of the US drug policy paved way to having a considerably high growth of incarceration rate among women in the US. 1. 4 Scope and Limitations of the Study It is indeed a part of this study that the details produced by other researchers before regarding the same topic are utilized for the best results of this paper.
However, some points of consideration such as actual interviews by the author himself is not included in this paper. It could be noticed that the only data used for the completion of this research piece are the research results passed on by other researchers of the same issue. Although this is the case, it is still certain, and the author himself assures that the data that are presented herein are indeed accurate and true as they all cater to the necessary topic information needed for the clarity of this research.