The American Constitution and the Finnish Constitution are similar in that they both make provisions for the personal rights of their citizens. Some of those rights are similar, while there are some very important differences in the two. One of the most glaring differences is that the Finnish Constitution outlaws any form of discrimination on the basis of age, origin, race, religion, and other factors. The American Constitution, written before 1800, made no such allowances. At the time, Americans held onto slaves, so there was little chance that the country’s prevailing legal document would call for the fair treatment of all men.
The Finnish Constitution allows people the right to “Life, liberty, integrity, and security. ” This is similar to the American Constitution, which originally gave citizens the right to “Life, liberty, and property. ” The Finnish Constitution protects individuals from any form of cruel and unusual punishment. Though the American Constitution does not specifically cite torture or other brutal punishment, it makes similar allowances for fairness. It ensures that all people are given the right to a fair and speedy trial by a jury of their peers before they are punished in any way.
The Finnish Constitution is strong on the issue of personal privacy. When it was written in 1995, this was a growing concern among members of the population. Because of the time frame in which the American Constitution was written, there is not an immediately similar provision. There is, however, an amendment that prohibits the government from seizing a person’s property or using a person’s property as a place to house soldiers. Those were the prevailing concerns during the American revolutionary period, while new issues of privacy have arisen since that time.
Finnish Constitution United States Constitution