The urban renewal policies in Britain have promoted the participation of the local urban communities in urban regeneration efforts. This has resulted to more network- oriented way of coordination and this has in turn influenced the role of both private and public actors in urban renewal efforts. The evolution of urban renewal policies has encouraged increased funding whereby funds are directed towards rehabilitation efforts and activities rather that demolition.
One reason that has contributed to radical changes in Britain’s urban renewal policies over the last 60 years is the need to provide adequate housing facilities for the high urban population. The high population has resulted from a large number of people moving from the rural areas into cities. Britain’s urban areas have over the years experienced an ever- increasing population. Britain as a nation has undergone industrialization, a situation that has attracted a large number of people into cities as they look for employment in industries that have been established within the urban areas.
Over the past 60 years, the demand for housing facilities has continued to increase in order to accommodate the large urban population. By 2003, the demand for housing in Britain was far beyond the supply and in efforts to provide the ever- increasing urban population with adequate and affordable housing facilities, urban areas renewal has been ongoing . The renewal strategies and programs have been developed and implemented are based on the urban renewal policies. An estimated 82 per cent of the British population lives in urban areas. The British government has acknowledged that urban housing problems need to be addressed.
Efforts to solve housing problems have included the making of funds that need to be used to put up new housing facilities available. For instance, the Housing Corporation by 1992 was expected to double its funding to housing associations. Private agencies and organizations have established partnerships through which they can make their contribution to support efforts that aim at increasing urban housing facilities. Through the support of the local governments and the Housing Act, more housing facilities have been put up in Britain’s’ urban areas.
Urban renewal programs that have promoted building of more housing facilities to meet the high demand for housing have made it necessary for urban renewal policies to formulate ways through which housing facilities in urban areas are expanded. Some of the local authorities that have had housing- led neighborhood renewal in efforts to increase housing facilities include, Blackburn, Newcastle, Glasgow, Birmingham, Nottingham, and London ( Kensington, Tower Hamlets, and Newham). The urban renewal schemes in these areas encouraged the putting up good quality housing that is affordable to even those on low incomes.
The magnitude of need in relation to housing in Britain cities has demanded that coherent national housing or urban renewal policies support neighborhood renewal. Apart from providing the current population with adequate housing facilities, there is need to build more facilities to accommodate an urban population that may further increase in future. Plans and strategies that aim at increasing housing facilities in Britain (urban areas) have been required to be long term in order to prevent housing problems in future .
Urban areas in Britain have estates and run- down neighborhoods which are home to a large number people. The population of people living in these areas has been increasing, a situation that has led to the establishment of shanty towns. The need to provide the ever- increasing urban population with adequate housing facilities has acted as a catalyst to changes that have been made in Britain’s urban renewal policies with the aim of improving living conditions of people in deprived areas.
Another reason for the radical changes in renewal policies is the need to upgrade the deprived areas that surround Britain’s cities. Though some urban areas like London are acknowledged for their prosperity and beauty, they are surrounded by estates and run- down neighborhoods. The estates and run- down neighborhoods are home to people who suffer from poverty, and are economically and socially alienated from the mainstream British society.
These areas have over the years been expanding, making them a hinderance to urban development. These homes are unfit and they lack basic amenities. Furthermore, the homes have been in great need for urgent repairs. The environment in the deprived areas is degraded, where a high level of environmental pollution make the areas a health hazard to those residing in the areas . The living conditions of the estates and neighborhoods have been made worse by a high level of unemployment among the communities living in these areas.