The utmost aspiration of every individual is to lead a life where he or she is able to enjoy freedom of belief, freedom of speech, right to privacy, being protected, and many others without the fear of transgression or suppression. History has exemplified that contempt and disregard for human rights results in barbarous acts which have exasperated the principles of mankind. The theory of human rights has been subsisting under a number of names in numerous countries and through several centuries.
Consequently, human rights concept is a much abused and used term today, and is used comprehensively for personal gain. Yet, individuals are entitled by the rights plainly by virtue of being human. Universal Human Rights Human rights are international norms that aid to protect every person in the world from a number of social, legal, and political abuses. These rights exist in principles and in law at the international and national levels. They are addressed generally to governments, obliging enforcement and compliance.
The foremost sources of the modern human rights formation are the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the numerous human rights treaties and documents that followed in international organizations like the African Union, the Organization of American States, the Council of Europe, and the United Nations (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2006). The National Security Issue As part of the United States’ war on terrorism, the National Security Agency is authorized by executive order to monitor without warrants, the text messaging, internet activities, electronic mails, phone calls, and other forms of communication.
The NSA is granted an unsubstantiated access to every fiber-optic interactions going between several of the private corporate network traffic. Recently, the American Civil Liberties Union has filed a legal action against the government of the United States to dispute the newly passed Federal Intelligence Surveillance Act (Heise-Online, 2008). The civil rights organization considers that the far-reaching authority granted by the Act violates the mandates of the American Constitution.
The ACLU and several other citizens deem that the amended law will amount to an exploitation of governmental authority and an infringement of the right to privacy and free speech. Discussions/Conclusion At the start of the 21st century, those nations that share an assurance to protect basic human rights and guarantee economic and political independence will be able to make full use of the potential of their citizens and ensure their future prosperity.
Currently, the United States benefits from a position of incomparable military supremacy and immense political and economic ascendancy and influence. In observance with its principles and heritage, the country does not employ its strength to press for one-sided advantage. Instead, the country seeks to generate a balance of power that supports human independence. However, in modern times, because of the current terrorist attacks around the world, defending the country against its enemies has become the primary and deep-seated assurance of the government to its citizens.
Unfortunately, the undertaking and the process of doing so has dramatically changed. Enemies have become even more prepared to infiltrate open societies and to turn the power of up to date technologies against the nation. To overcome this threat, the country must make use of every means in its armory, particularly law enforcement, better homeland defenses, intelligence, military power, and forceful efforts to discontinue terrorist financing.
In order for the country to be equipped in defeating the plans of its enemies, it must exploit the paramount intelligence with great consideration to the human rights of its citizens. In the modern world that the nation has penetrated, the only course to security and peace is the course of preventive action; therefore, in extreme and apparent dangers to the country, the national security policy of the United States is the proper policy, and in based on the country’s present situation, the policy is deemed justified.
Heise-Online. (2008, July 14). US civil rights activists protest new wiretapping law. Retrieved November 21, 2008, form http://www. heise-online. co. uk/news/US-civil-rights-activists-protest-new-wiretapping-law–/111097 Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. (2006, July 29). Human Rights. Retrieved November 21, 2008, from http://plato. stanford. edu/entries/rights-human/