The government is one of the vital elements that compose a state. This political machinery has the responsibility of leading the citizens of a certain country by managing the affairs of the state as well as in creating, interpreting and implementing laws. As such, the government is usually divided into three branches namely: the executive, legislative, and judicial. The Judicial branch plays an important role in the overall operations of the government because they have the task of interpreting and implementing the law.
Being the case, it is essential that the judicial branch especially the Supreme Court, which holds the highest position and extend of power, should be given due attention and importance. The Supreme Court The United States of America is no different from most countries as it also has its judicial branch of the government. In line with this, their judiciary also has its own Supreme Court. The Supreme Court of the United States of America is composed of the Chief Justice and a number of Associate Justices that are fixed by the Congress.
Currently, the number of Associate Justices is set at eight members. The President of the United States has the authority to nominate the Justices. The appointments made by the President are subjected to the advice and consent of the Senate (“A Brief Overview of the Supreme Court”). According to the Article III of the American Constitution, the judicial power of the United States shall be given to one Supreme Court and inferior courts.
The Congress has the power to ordain and establish these courts from time to time. The Supreme Court was established in compliance with the provision and by the power of the Judiciary Act of 24 September 1789 (“A Brief Overview of the Supreme Court”). The jurisdiction of the Supreme Court as well as the inferior courts as mandated by the Article III of the Constitution shall extend to all Cases that arise from the Constitution, Laws of the US, and Treaties.
It also includes all cases affecting government officials, ambassadors, and citizens, and others. In relation to this, has the authority to confer upon the Supreme Court regarding the required rules and procedures that should be followed by the lower courts of the country (“A Brief Overview of the Supreme Court”). The Justices The justices of the Supreme Court is expected to behave accordingly and serve as good role models in terms of their conduct because of their duty of interpreting and implementing the law.
This is clearly stated in the Article III of the US Constitution, “[t]he Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts shall hold their Offices during good Behavior, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during the Continuance in Office” (“A Brief Overview of the Supreme Court”). As such, the President and the Senate are very cautious in the process of choosing competent justices that they will appoint for these positions. At present, the Chief Justice of the United States is John Glover Roberts, Jr.
He was born on January 27, 1955 in Buffalo, New York. He graduated from Harvard College with a degree in A. B. in history summa cum laude. Afterwards, he attended the Harvard Law School and graduated magna cum laude. In 1980-1981, Roberts became a clerk for William Rehnquist and then later a special assistant to US Attorney General William French Smith. He started his private as associate for Hogan & Hartson. In 1993, he became a partner for this law firm. From 1989-1993, he was a Principal Deputy Solicitor General, he handled 32 cases in the US Supreme Court.