United States Constitution and Block Grant

1. What are the 3 obligations that the Constitution places on the National Government for the benefit of the States?

  • Guarantee Union a Republican Form of Government.
  • Protect each of them [States] from invasion and internal disorder.
  • Respect the territorial integrity of each of the States.

2. Explain the difference between an enabling act and an act of admission.

  • Enabling act: an act directing the people of the territory to frame a proposed State constitution.
  • Act of admission: an act creating the new State.

3. A. What is a block grant?

  • Block grant: one type of federal grants-in-aid for some particular but broadly defined area of public policy.
  • Health care, social services, or welfare B. How do block grants reflect cooperative federalism?
  • State and local governments have much greater freedom in deciding just how and on what to spend block grant dollars.

4. In what ways do the States aid the National Government?

  • The States help out the National Government by taking on more work.
  • For example, those who commit federal crimes and are sought by the FBI and other federal law enforcement agencies are often picked up by State and local police officers and then held in local jails.

6. Suppose your State is to receive increased federal funding for a program to provide day care for the children of some working parents. Would this funding likely come as a categorical grant, a block grant, or a project grant? Why?

  • This funding would likely come as categorical grant, because this program is helping the community.

Vocabulary:

  • Enabling act: an act directing the people of the territory to frame a proposed State constitution.
  • Act of admission: an act creating the new State.
  • Grants-in-aid program: grants of federal money or other resources to the States and/or their cities, counties, and other local units.
  • Revenue sharing: form of federal monetary aid under which Congress gave a share of federal tax, revenue, with virtually no restriction, to the States, cities, countries, and townships.
  • Categorical grant: made for some specific, closely-defined, purpose.
  • Block grant: one type of federal grants-in-aid for some particular but broadly defined area of public policy. • Project grant: made for specific projects to States, localities, and private agencies who apply for them.

What agreements does the Constitution prohibit the States from making?

  • No State can enter into any treaty, alliance or confederation. However, the States may, with the consent of Congress, enter into interstate compacts—agreements among themselves and with foreign states.

2. What is the meaning of the Full Faith and Credit Clause?

  • Constitution’s requirement that each State accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State. 3. What is the purpose of extradition?
  • It is designed to protect a person from escaping justice by fleeing a State. 4. (a) Give at least 2 examples of actions protected under the Privileges and Immunities Clause. (b) What types of actions are not protected by this clause?
  • Each State must recognize the right of any American to travel in or become a resident of that State. It must also allow any citizen, no matter where he or she lives, to use its courts and make contracts; buy, own, rents, or sell property; or marry within its borders.
  • A State cannot do such things as they try to relieve its unemployment problems by requiring employers to give a hiring preference to in-State residents.

6. Provide at least 2 examples of how the Privileges and Immunities Clause has affected your life or might do so in the future.

  • I can travel freely, and become a resident of any State that I wish. As an out-of-State student, I will pay a higher tuition rate than those who are in-State students.

Vocabulary:

  • Interstate compacts: agreements among themselves and with foreign states.
  • Full Faith and Credit Clause: Constitution’s requirement that each State accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State.
  • Extradition: the legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one State can be returned to that State.

It is designed to protect a person from escaping justice by fleeing a State.

  • Privileges and Immunities Clause: no State can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in other States.

6 1. What is a political party?

  • A group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office.

2. Identify 2 functions of political parties.

  • Nominate (name) candidates for public office.
  • Inform the people, and inspire and activate their interest and participation in public affairs.

3. In what ways is American government conducted on the basis of partisanship?

  • Parties provide a basis for the conduct of government. 6. The party out of power serves an important function in American government. Explain that function.
  • Parties act as a watchdog over the conduct of the public’s business. It plays this role as it criticizes the policies and behavior of the party in power.