The underlying assumption this research paper posits is the perceive neglect of the United States of America’s government to provide housing for older adults. As such, it implies that the United States’ social policy is ineffective at some point for there is an area in its social policy which has not been given enough consideration or even given no consideration at all.
In relation to this, there is also an assumption that because in general the United States’ government could not able to provide housing for older adults in general, then logically, it would follow that elders in a particular locality within the country experiences neglect in terms of housing, too. In this case, the elders in Boynton Beach, Florida. However, in order to provide the truthfulness of such claims, one should be able to provide evidences supporting the above-mentioned claims.
This can be in the form of data, surveys, studies, testimonials and the like. These empirical evidences shall serve as the basis of one’s evaluation. Thus, making this research paper a proposition of policy and a proposition of value. First, let us verify if it is indeed the case that the United State’s government seems to neglect one area in its social policy – that is the capacity to create a plan for the housing of elders. As such, if it is indeed the case that there is no existing mechanism the government has devised in order to address this problem.
Or if there is already an existing program for the housing of elders, we would analyze its effectiveness and efficiency. In the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development’s newsroom, a new release was posted stating that the Bush administration will give six hundred thirty three million dollars ($633) housing assistance for senior citizens and people with disabilities. Alphonso Jackson, the United States’ Housing and Urban Development Secretary stated, “These grants will help the nation’s very low-income elderly and people with disabilities find decent housing that they can afford.
Neither group should ever have to worry about being able to find a safe place to live. ” (Wooley, 2006). The Section 202 grants program of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development allotted a total of five hundred million and ninety thousand dollars ($511. 9) to be distributed nationwide to assist the very low-income elders. The grants program aims to aid in expanding the supply of affordable housing with helpful services for the aged.
In addition to this, an environment which will provide support activities including but not limited to cooking, cleaning and the likes will be given to the elderly. The said grants will also subsidize rents for there years to enable the inhabitants to pay only thirty per centum (30%) of their adjusted incomes as their lease. This proposal is however, limited to aged who has very low income. As such, according to the benchmark set by the Department of Urban and Housing Development, the income must be less that fifty per centum (50%) of the area median.
This would mean that the income of the applicant should be equal to or less than twenty thousand and eight hundred fifty dollars ($20,850) per annum based on the national median family income with a pertinent adjustment for household size in order to qualify for the said grants program. Seemingly, the United States’ government is exerting effort to provide housing assistance for the aged. It should be put in mind that this paper focuses only on public housing for the elderly who can able to live independently as the limitation of the this study.
As such, adult family care homes, hospices and nursing homes are excluded. What we have presented above is the attempt of the government to give funding to the construction of houses for the elderly. However, the government apparently fails to create a concrete policy to address the need of the elderly. It has only remedied the problem in a short-term basis by increasing the number of houses an elder could rent but it fails to provide a long term solution to make the condition of the aged to better especially if they have been abandon by their children.
Although, very low-income elders are the priority of the grants program, it has seemingly overlook the fact that there may be a large number of senior citizens who do not have the purchasing power to rent a house even if they would only pay thirty per centum (30%) of their adjusted income as rent. Even so, the capacity to further rent a house. Arguably, it can be claim that the government cannot provide all for its citizens. As such, what is has provided corresponds accordingly to what it can reasonably give – tantamount to its capacity.
Then, the measures it has created to address the need of the older adults should be assumed to be done in good faith. Assuming but never conceding that such is the case, then, it can be assumed that the government has relatively done a seemingly good job. It has devised a relatively fair mechanism. If that is the case in general, it must also be the case in particular using the deductive method. As such, this assumption should apply to the senior inhabitants of Boynton Beach, Florida.
There are various organizations in the United States which aims to aid the elderly in improving their plight as they become older. One of these organizations is the Elderly Housing Development and Opportunity Corporation (EHDOC), a non-profit community-based organization that owns and administers affordable housing for low income elders across the country. Also, there is the National Council on Aging (NCOA) which does not only provide assistance to elders in forms of public housing, medical aid and home and care services but also lobbies laws which will secure the good plight of elders such as the H.
R. 6197, the five-year reauthorization of the Older Americans Act. The emergence of these organizations particularly of the National Council on Aging (NCOA) posits two seemingly opposing yet interrelated perception upon their creation. One might be the shared aim with the government to aid the elders. The second, on the other hand, might be the perception of government’s inadequacy to fully cope up with the needs of the elders. Whatever the case may be, the institutionalization of these organizations is a great help for elders who evidently need assistance.
Boynton Beach in Florida has come to be known for its adult communities. As evidence thereof is the statement of Gloria Olsher in an Article in New York Times. To wit: “I never had any intention of moving to Florida! “. (Oser, 1995, p1) She is a retiree in her sixty’s (60’s) with three children who bought a large villa unit for one hundred forty thousand dollars ($140,000). As such, there is a continuing emigration of people from the North to experience the comfort of adult communities in Florida.
Technically, the prices of these newly detached houses cater to middle-income, upper-middle income and wealthy buyers which is said to be relatively affordable as compared to the houses in the north. As such, people who can afford to buy houses whose prices ranges from one hundred fifty thousand dollars ($150,000) to four hundred thousand dollars ($400,000) grab the opportunity to acquire houses in the locality. In relation to this, there is also an emergence of privately-owned adults housing for elders who can either live independently or is in need of personal or medical care.
One example of such is the Edgewater Pointe Estates owned by Adult Communities Total Services Inc. , of West Point, Pa wherein entrants pay a fee of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) which is described as an “insurance policy”. This will assure that the resident will have a lifetime care of about one thousand dollar ($1,000) a month. It might appear then that with the emergence of privately-owned institutions for elders and expanding market of selling and reselling houses in Florida, low-income elders are put in the margin.
It is because even if the prices of these houses were held affordable by those who are in upper strata of the economic class, such prices is indeed too high for low-income elders. Arguably, it might possibly be the case. However, state regulations in Florida made it difficult for business-oriented individuals to build a new facility because the required reserves are very arduous. This was done to allow the erection of public housing for low-income elders. To date, the state already has about seventy continuing-care communities for an estimated thirty-five thousand people.
As such, in a study conducted by the National Center for Policy Analysis about the government’s social policy, in providing housing elders, they have arrived at an unexpected result. National Center for Policy Analysis’ Senior Policy Analyst Matt Moore said that we’re (the government, italicization mine) surprising generous to seniors. (Tuffnell, 2006). Evidently, the result of the study shows that the government is at some point paying attention to the welfare of the elders.
It can be deduced then that there is a preconceived notion on the government’s function to create a social policy for the housing of elders – that is in our fast-changing generation, the state seems to neglect its duty to its senior citizen. However, our empirical evidences seem to prove otherwise. The government is still exerting effort to make plight of the elders better. It might not be as concrete and smooth as we want it to be yet we can see a continuing effort from the government to devise mechanisms to improve the elders’ plight.
Wooley, L. (2006, October 31). Bush Administration announces more than $633 million to help very low-income elderly and people with disabilities [Electronic Version]. HUD News Release No. 06-145. Retrieved Nov. 12, 2006 from www. hud. gov/news/. Oser, A. (1995, November 5). In Florida, A Market That Play by Different Rules. [Electronic Version] New York Times, 1. Tuffnell, S. (2006, October 27). How Generous Is The Federal Government To Seniors? [Electronic Version]. NCPA Press Releases. Retrieved November 12, 2006 from http://www. ncpa. org/