United Nations Summary

The United Nations is made up of five organs, (used to be six, however the Trusteeship Council is no more). The current organs are the General Assembly, Security Council, Secretariat, Economic and Social Council, and the International Court of Justice. The General Assembly is the only organ that all members have equal power, its purpose is to manage the budget of the UN, select members for the Security Council, and obtains reports from the other organs of the UN and decides upon what actions are to be taken in the G. A.

Resolutions, which deal with peace agreements members to be assigned to organs, and the allowance of new members, removal of old members, etc. A two-thirds vote is required for a resolution to be passed. The Security Council is responsible for maintaining peace and security. According the UN charter is: the establishment of peacekeeping operations, international sanctions regimes, and authorization of military actions to be taken. It is made up of 15 members, five of which are permanent and are China, France, the UK (United Kingdom), the United States, and Russia.

The others are temporary and are only held for two-years per term, they are voted in by the General Assembly. The Secretariat is lead by the Secretary General of the UN, and provides the other organs with information for the meetings; it carries out orders from the Security Council, General Assembly, and other UN organs. The Secretary General is responsible for helping to keep the peace as well as the organization of international meetings. The Economic and Social Council is made up of 54 members chosen by the General Assembly, they are members for three years.

The president however is only elected for one year. Its purpose is to gather information, advise nations, and also helps coordinate tasks of the other organs. The International Court of Justice is the judicial organ of the UN; it is located at Peace Palace in the Netherlands. Its purpose is to decide on legal disputes submitted by members and give opinions on legal questions proposed by organs. The United States withdrew from jurisdiction in 1986 and accepts things dependant on the case.