The United Nations Structure

?PRINCIPAL JUDICIAL ORGAN OF THE UNITED NATIONS. ITS SEAT IS AT THE PEACE PALACE IN The Hague (Netherlands). ?FUNCTIONS TO SETTLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL LAW THE LEGAL DISPUTES BETWEEN countries ?ISSUES MUST BE JOINTLY SUBMITTED TO IT BY BOTH STATES IN ORDER FOR A RULING TO BE binding ?MAY GIVE ADVISORY OPINIONS ON LEGAL QUESTIONS REFERRED TO IT BY DULY AUTHORIZED international organs and agencies. Security Council (SC) ?

MEMBERSHIP IS 15 COUNTRIES REPRESENTED FROM THE REGIONS OF THE WORLD ?5 COUNTRIES HAVE VETO POWER; USA, UK, FRANCE, RUSSIA, AND CHINA ?PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE MAINTENANCE OF INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY.?

ONLY UN BODY THAT CAN USE FORCE; ECONOMIC AND/OR MILITARY ?WHAT IS DOES WITH THREATS TO PEACE oRecommends the parties try to reach an agreement by peaceful means. o undertakes investigation and mediation through special representatives or request the Secretary-General to do so oSets forth principles for a peaceful settlement. oIssues cease-fire directives which have been instrumental in preventing wider hostilities. Page | 1 | P a g e oCommissions United Nations peace-keeping forces to help reduce tensions in troubled areas, keep opposing forces apart, and create conditions of calm in which peaceful settlements may be sought. oUse enforcement measures, economic sanctions (such as trade embargoes) or collective military action.

General Assembly (GA) ?MEMBERSHIP: ALL MEMBER STATES WITH EACH STATE HAVING ONE VOTE. Non-governmental organizations (NGO’s such as UNICEF) are observers. ?THE “MAIN DELIBERATIVE ORGAN. ” IT IS BASICALLY THE PLACE WHERE everybody discusses current issues going on in the world today ?THE BODY THAT IS DESIGNED TO REFLECT WORLD OPINION AND RESOLVE about global issues. ?DISCUSSES RESOLUTIONS THAT ARE PROPOSED AS SOLUTIONS BY COUNTRIES who seek to solve a problem. ?

GA RESOLUTIONS ARE NOT BINDING ON INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS; EACH member has autonomy on the acceptance of GA resolutions ?MEMBER STATES CAN EITHER VOTE FOR OR AGAINST THESE RESOLUTIONS. IF they do not wish to support a resolution, but do not want to vote against it, they abstain from voting. Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO’s) What is an NGO? An NGO is a non-profit organization formed by civil society to serve certain interests of a public issue (A group of people interested in supporting a cause form a group). A global listing of major NGO’s (including non-UN) can be found at http://library. duke. edu/research/subject/guides/ngo_guide/ngo_links/a-e. html Page | 2 | P a g e International Organizations (IO) What is an International Organization?

An IO is an organization that is established by the resolve of the international community to address crucial issues to humanity and to create mechanisms of technical support, capacity building, research and analysis, and human resource developments. Examples of International Organizations: WHO – World Health Organization ILO – International Court of Justice UNICEF – UN International Children’s Education Fund.