The Equal Pay Act of 1963 was enacted in Congress in order to stem sex discrimination as regards fair and equal payment for women and men that performed the same work. It was passed as an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act and can be found at 29 U. S. C. § 206. All workers are to be covered by the Equal Pay Act, which regulates the conduct of the state, local, and federal governments and most private employers (EEOC). During the Civil Rights Era, minority groups such as African-Americans, Hispanics, and Asians in addition to women were receiving less money for the same amount of work that white males earned.
In an effort to justify the act, Congress drafted a bill that would make it mandatory for employers to pay everybody the same wages for the same work. According to the Act, in order to file a claim you must prove that two employees (a male and a female) working at the same organization at the same time doing the same work but are being paid two different wages, with the male making more (Equal). At the time this was an important and wide-sweeping piece of legislation and it helped to pave the way to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. That being said, the Equal Pay Act was as short on enforcement as was long in vision.
Still to this day women make 72 cents on the dollar compared to white males, other minorities are still making less as illegal immigration has provided a pool of labor that either does not know their rights or have no other work options available except to work for meager pay. Works Cited The Equal Pay Act. (1963). The U. S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Retrieved 27 April 2009, from http://www. eeoc. gov/policy/epa. html Equal Pay for Equal Work: Everyone’s Entitled. (2009). Nolo. Retrieved 27 April 27 2009, from http://www. nolo. com/article. cfm/objectId/D45FD4DD-19EA-4AA9