As citizens who are from different backgrounds with different mentalities, we need laws that specify acceptable behavior and conduct. In addition to the law, we need procedures in place individuals who do not follow laws to the latter. Thus, the legal system is, by definition, procedures put in place to interpret and implement the law. It highlights the rights and responsibilities of individuals every specific to their area of residence. The legal system is sub sectioned into three parts; civil law, that deals with private aspects such as marriage and ownership of property, common law, that deals with judgment on actions using other laws apart from those written due to the uniqueness of the situation, and lastly, religious laws that are guidelines based on teachings from different belief systems.
With this understanding of the legal system, we have come to understand that every system has a fault therein that affects the citizens governed by it. Progressively, we have seen several changes to system laws due to situational uniqueness and wrong judgments. The most common cause for change is the unlawful conviction of innocent people over the years. A widespread issue, many convicted persons, have been found innocent after serving time in jail. As a result, many projects are now in place to look into wrongly convicted cases. A criminal defense lawyer in Flagstaff AZ will, without doubt, be familiar with a project such as AZ Justice project that is one of many looking to exonerate innocent individuals.
Firstly, while we all agree on the fact that a human is, in fact, prone to error, we must all realize that an error grave enough to cost another person several years of their lives is not one that we should take lightly. Thus, all parties in charge of making decisions and delivering evidence and cases should ensure that the case receives proper attention to detail and correct judgment. To ensure fair judgment, people in charge of the legal system should make sure they pay attention to details and make necessary follow-ups where necessary.
Second, erroneous identification of perpetrator and false confessions are also a cause for wrongful conviction. A witness might point out an innocent person concerning crime, and in an instance where the accused does not have a strong alibi, he may end up getting imprisoned for a crime he did not commit.
Third, contaminated evidence and false statements due to pressure from the police. Once one is in police custody, the police might apply a lot of pressure on the individual to get information from them. If in this case, the accused has a weak resolve and is not in a position to demand proper channels of interrogation, he may agree to be guilty of the crime, hence, get wrongfully convicted.
Contaminated evidence may cause wrongful conviction in that; investigators may mishandle samples taken from a crime scene hence killing all chances to prove that the accused is innocent of the accused crime. Investigators, doctors, police officers and any other person that has access to the crime scene are advised to be extra careful. In conclusion, anyone in charge of any job within the justice department should carry out their duties responsibly in order to avoid an error that would cause an accused person to be wrongfully convicted.