One of the most important organizations in the world is the United Nations (U. N. ) Security Council. It is the most powerful arm of the U. N. , which was created to maintain peace and order among nations, following World War II (Answers. com, 2008). In other words, it exists primarily to prevent another global conflict like the first and second World Wars, which devastated millions of lives across the globe. Before understanding its specific roles, it is necessary to first know the structure of the U. N. Security Council and how it was formed.
Basically, the council consists of five permanent members, all of which were the victorious countries in World War II. The five permanent country-members are the United States of America, France, the United Kingdom, France, Russian Federation (which was called the Soviet Union when the council was created), and China ( (United Nations Security Council, 2009).
However, the council is also composed of 10 non-permanent members which are elected for a two-year term and are subsequently confirmed by the United Nations General Assembly, which is a meeting among all members of the U. N. At present, the 10 non-permanent members are Burkina Faso, Austria, Costa Rica, Japan, Croatia, Mexico, Libya, Turkey, Vietnam, and Uganda (United Nations Security Council, 2009). These members are represented by their respective ambassadors, one of whom is also designated as president of the council, who rotates monthly in accordance to the alphabetical order of member-countries names.
The said position is currently held by Libya (Answers. com, 2008). As mentioned above, the main role of the U. N. Security Council is to maintain global peace. However, it also plays crucial roles in fostering and developing international relations, issuing international sanctions, and permitting military actions. Notably, the role of the U. N. Security Council is more prominent when there are disputes between nations. Usually, the process when there is a pending complaint regarding a danger to peace begins with an initial intervention of the U. N. Security Council between the nations that are hostile to each other.
The council first makes recommendations to the warring nations to reach a peaceful and diplomatic agreement. In other words, the council more or less serves as the middleman between conflicting nations. For example, in a recent conflict between Iraq and Kuwait, the U. N. Security Council sent several delegates who spoke with the heads of state of both countries to broker a peace agreement between the two (United Nations Security Council, 2009). However, when the conflict becomes worse and leads to fighting, the U. N.
Security Council may use its other powers to come up with a resolution. Primarily, the goal of the council when such an event occurs is to end the dispute as soon as possible, as this is in accordance with their primary mission of establishing peace. In this scenario, the U. N. may issue cease-fire orders or sent envoys who would strive to temporarily cease all hostilities which would eventually pave the way for a peaceful resolution. On the other hand, there are also times when the U. N. uses military force to oppose an aggressor.
But just the same, its primary objective is to restore peace. In addition, the five permanent members are the only nations who can veto any action made by the council as a whole (United Nations Security Council, 2009) In general, the U. N. Security Council has played substantial roles in past conflicts. These include the racial segregation or apartheid in South Africa, the India-Pakistan conflict, and the ongoing war between Israel and Palestine (Answers. com, 2008).
However, there are also times when U. N. sanctions and orders are deliberately breached or disobeyed as exemplified by the Israel-Palestine conflict. At present, the two nations continue to launch offensive attacks on each other. In these cases, the U. N. sends humanitarian aid to help the victims of war. It also sent a team to help victims of Hurricane Katrina in the United States. A more recent action by the U. N. Security council involves North Korea’s creation of nuclear weapons. The council has recently issued stern warnings to the country as its actions directly violate U. N.
Security Council resolution 1718 which ordered the country to not launch any further missiles after it claimed to have launched one in 2006 (U. N. News Centre, 2009). At present, the U. N. still continues to negotiate with leaders of North Korea in an attempt to end their nuclear activities which could trigger aggressive responses from the United States, China, and neighboring countries. Furthermore, Croatia’s membership in the U. N. Security Council is essential primarily because the country shares borders with several other countries.
The country mainly shares borders with Bosnia, Hungary, Serbia, Herzegovina, and Slovenia. In other words, Croatia is considered a strategic area which the U. N. must give special attention to as there is a greater possibility of conflict between the country and its borders. At the same time, it also has great potential for improving international relations, boosting economic ties, and establishing trade routes with its neighbor countries. Meaning to say, Croatia’s participation in the U. N. Security Council is highly essential as it provides the U. N.
with an excellent avenue for a lot of aspects of development. Over-all, while the U. N. Security Council has multi-faceted roles, its primary objective is still to maintain peace and quell all forms of international violence, disputes, and conflicts. At the same time, it also participates in major humanitarian peace-keeping efforts. Thus, it can be deduced that the Security Council mainly has two-faces or two-sides: one side combats the threats to global peace and order and the other side ensures that victims of conflict and natural disasters, among others, are given aid.
These two roles make the council an essential global body that oversees international development and prosperity.
Answers. com. (2008). Croatia. Retrieved March 13, 2009 from http://www. answers. com/topic/croatia. Answers. com. (2008). Security Council. Retrieved March 13, 2009 from http://www. answers. com/topic/un-security-council. United Nations Security Council. (2009). U. N. Security Council Background. Retrieved March 13, 2009 from http://www. un. org/Docs/sc/unsc_background. html.