UN General Assembly

In those countries the UN had exercised the powers granted by Chapter VII of the Charter. However, these interventions should not be construed as the deliberate violations of the policy of noninterference as laid down by the Charter. The interventions by the UN in those states demonstrated the need of the hour. They also depicted international action to mitigate violence in those states. Its actions endorsed a beginning of international action, which would maintain peace within and between the states. This policy indicates that the UN reacts to and recognizes the turmoil of failed states.

This factor has established the UN as an important device that can be used to maintain and organize the failed states (Mohamed). The United Nations is precluded, by Article 2(7) of the UN Charter, from interfering in matters that pertain to the jurisdiction of a particular country. However, this precept, in no way affects the exercise of Chapter VII enforcement measures. As such Article 2(7) constitutes an awkward attempt at arriving at a median between state sovereignty and serious infringement of human rights (White, 2005 . Pp. 90 – 96).

Subsequent, to its dismal performance in the context of Iraq, the UN Security Council was on the verge of granting recognition to state sovereignty. Time and again, the Security Council intervened into the jurisdiction of the individual countries. For instance, it forayed into Somalis, where there was a starvation threat; it interfered with Rwanda, Burundi and Zaire, in order to curtail genocide and it intervened in Liberia and Angola, with the objective of resolving the civil wars taking place in those countries. In addition, it created considerable controversy by its actions in reinstating democracy in Haiti.

These escapades have made a mockery of Article 2(7) and its principle of non – intervention (White, 2005 . Pp. 90 – 96). In the classic example of South Africa, the UN General Assembly, brought to bear the attention of the rest of the world, the manner in which human rights were being trampled underfoot by the racist regime of South Africa (White, 2005 . Pp. 90 – 96). There was a drastic change in the world situation, with the cessation of covert hostilities between the US and the USSR. A significant number of new and independent countries emerged from the chaos, and this served to expand the role of the UN General Assembly.

The principal change in its approach was an enhancement of its interest in the democratic process, which could be ascribed to the end of autocratic rule (White, 2005 . Pp. 90 – 96). However, the fact remains that the United Nations had not been fervent in promoting democracy. For instance, the USSR, which had represented the antithesis to democracy, had been accommodated as an essentially required member state. Another example is provided by the veto power enjoyed by the UN Security Council’s five permanent members. The United Nations cannot force these permanent members to do what they do not wish to do.

As such, the principal fact that emerges from the veto power is that in the absence of consensus amongst the major powers of the world, the aspirations of mankind would remain unfulfilled (Finkelstein).

List of References

Finkelstein, L. S. (n. d. ). ESSAY: From Seeds to System. The United Nations Charter. Retrieved February 22, 2008, from UN Chronicle Online Edition: http://www. un. org/Pubs/chronicle/2005/issue3/0305p18. html Johnstone, I. (n. d. ). US-UN Relations after Iraq: The End of the World (Order) As We Know It? Retrieved February 22, 2008, from The European Journal of International Law Online ISSN 1464-3596: http://ejil.oxfordjournals. org/cgi/content/abstract/15/4/813 Mohamed, S. (n. d. ). FROM KEEPING PEACE TO BUILDING PEACE: A PROPOSAL FOR A REVITALIZED UNITED NATIONS TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL. Retrieved February 22, 2008, from http://www. globalpolicy. org/security/peacekpg/general/2005/0504peacebuilding. pdf Moller, B. (2000, August). The Concept of Security: The Pros and Cons of Expansion and Contraction. Retrieved February 22, 2008, from http://www. ciaonet. org/wps/mob01/ White, N. (2005 . Pp. 90 – 96). The Law of International Organisations. Manchester University Press. ISBN: 0719059542.