In the book “Two Treatises on Civil Government” by author John Locke, we gain a meaningful understanding of what the author feels about political power and how he believes that equality should be available for all people. Locke tells us that, (Locke, 1690) “we must consider what estate all men are naturally in, and that is, a state of perfect freedom to order their actions, and dispose of their possessions and persons as they think fit. ” Locke demonstrated that he believed that God created all men equally and that no man should have any better treatment than someone else and no man should take an advantage over another.
The author is serious about the way he feels about the freedom for all mankind and displays his concern when he offers that, “creatures of the same species and rank, should also be equal one amongst another, without subordination or subjection, unless the lord and master of them all should, any by any manifest declaration of his will, set one above another, and confer on him, by an evident and clear appointment, an undoubted right to dominion and sovereignty. ”
Locke describes the consequences of the law if they are not obeyed and he also declares that for every person the law is fair and they should be treated by them, accordingly. There is clear and evident proof in Locke’s writing that he was a man who cared so much about the rights of others and he went to great length to make sure that the laws were equal and fair for every individual. He explains that “the execution of the law of Nature is in that state put into every man’s hands, whereby every one has a right to punish the transgressors of that law to such a degree as may hinder its violation.
” He offers that individuals have a right to act upon the punishment of transgressors if the law upholds their right to punish. The author teaches his reading audience that he has a clear understanding of where political rights originate from. He also tells us that the laws are fair and are set into motion to protect all people and that the person who is the offender can be punished but during their punishment they must be treated with the same respect that all people would receive, since they are equal in the eyes of the law.
Locke shows us that we must be fair in our decisions because the same laws that punish another individual may be the same one that we have to abide by, and we should always be concerned with the rights of our own as well as the rights of others who are being punished. “Two Treatises on Civil Government” is a book that is ancient but the views of the author are those that should be upheld for all time. He is obviously a fair and just person who not only is concerned for his own rights, but certainly is not selfish and explains that all men should be treated with fairness.