Two Main Types of Racism and Modern Racism

It is so disgusting to assume that a bunch of kids would do something like that without having proofs. They took away their childhood just because of their race. These are people who have had their lives destroyed for something they did not do. I think it is abnormal to think that racism is not a serious issue. This show made me wonder, how am I participating in this? Can I make a change in the society? or I will only sit back and keep watching people being racist? What do I need to do about it and how will it affect my life?

Although racism is declining by time, but it is still there and will always be. understanding the way people feel about it and behave toward it outside their own group can help communities heal after a tragedy, as well as prevent future ones. The two main types of racism are, Modern racism: A form of racism that surfaces in subtle ways when it is safe, socially acceptable, and easy to rationalize. Implicit racism: Racism that operates unconsciously and unintentionally.

Within the last 100 years, social psychologists have provided a range of reasons and theories for prejudice and racism. Four present approaches to racism are: personality theories; social cognitive models; intergroup theories; and critical psychological approaches.

Personality theories: the latest method to prejudice in character is the social dominance orientation or SDO (Sidanius & Pratto, 2001). SDO is expected to be a stable individual difference referring to a person’s level of help for group hierarchies in culture, such as racial / ethnic hierarchies, gender hierarchies, and socioeconomic hierarchies.

Social cognitive theories: Since the 1980s, social cognitive models have remained the most dominant and influential accounts of racial bias. Classifying people into their respective group memberships (such as race, gender, age) is seen to be driven primarily by our limited cognitive capacity and therefore by our need to simplify the huge amount of stimulus information that we receive and need to process quickly and efficiently.

Intergroup theories: We know that in the absence of competition for scarce resources, intergroup hostility and conflict can arise. This sheds light on how different patterns of intergroup discrimination and prejudice are generated under different social and political conditions, stressing the psychological significance of seeing oneself as a member of a group.

Critical psychological approaches: Critical psychological approaches have examined prejudice and racism as interactive and shared discursive activities that justify and legitimize authority, dominance and exploitation in both official discourse, such as political rhetoric, and casual daily conversations.

In conclusion, I hope all people understand that racism is something that is learned. People are not just born with racist thoughts and behaviors.

Everyone, no matter what their nationality or race, has a right to live happily and free from discrimination. We could start an anti-racism project or newsletter at schools or youth groups or set up a discussion group to talk about relevant issues and what we can do to help.