As seen, school and family environments have profound influence in determining child behavior. Following this realization, then this influence should be used in preventing delinquent behavior among juveniles rather than propagating it. However, delinquency habits are caused by numerous factors and hence the solution strategies should also be comprehensive. One solution lies in educating the youth about the harmful effects of drugs and substance abuse, at family and school level as well as engaging them in rehabilitation treatments for those already in the habits.
Secondly, schools may launch mentorship programs whereby students identify with positive role models who impart life skills to cope with frustration and peer pressure. Thirdly, fostering parenting education in schools. This may take place in form of regular parent meetings at schools whereby exchange of talks and advice occurs so that better parenting and coping skills are fostered. Family counseling: especially for families that have high prevalence of physical abuse, psychopathology, drug abuse and violence among others.
This could help uncover underlying thought of crime or frustration and heal them before they erupt. After school recreational programs could also work well in keeping teenagers busy and away from risk factors. Such recreation programs include games and sports, music, drama or other exciting and engaging activities. Other preventative programs at school include class behaviour management, social ethics behaviour programs and conflict resolution and violence prevention curriculums. Difference between juvenile delinquency and status offences.
Juvenile delinquency is a criminal act performed by a minor while status offense refers to an act committed by a minor which is prohibited because it is inappropriate for the minor, for instance truancy, cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, possession of firearms. These actions may be normal and acceptable in adults but among minors it is a crime. Thus a status offense only applies to people under 18 years old. Although skeptics argue that juvenile delinquency cases have been on the up rise, the federal bureau of investigation holds otherwise.
According to them, juvenile delinquency has generally been on the decrease during the past 10 years. In 1999, the number of felony acts by juveniles declined by 30% after the peak in 1998 that saw 1584 teenagers apprehended for violent crimes. Of the 1584 arrests made 1273 were related to robbery with violence. In 2004, the number of penal code offenses committed dropped down by 6. 6% margin as compared to the previous year. In addition, there has been a registered drop of 0.7% in the number of juveniles apprehended per population sample.
That is one juvenile arrest out of 1000 individuals in the peer. What’s, more juvenile offences related to violation of road traffic law have dropped by 5. 6% from the recorded 491,126 in 2005 down 29,112 in 2006. (www. federal bureau of investigation. gov) In 2005, the number of juvenile offenders arrested for drug abuse equally dropped by 26% from the previous year as well as decline in abusing thinner whose number went down by 630 of the populace in the previous year.
Violent delinquency has also registered decline from previous with a 28. 4% drop in 2004, to a 28. 1% drop in 2005 and down by 1273 in 2006. In addition, juvenile arrests pinned to rape and homicide also went down. Misbehavior such as truancy and running away from home has also been on the decline as reported by the federal bureau of investigation. In 2004, the number of truancy cases went down from 6. 9% while in 2005, the number declined by 3. 1% from the previous year. In addition, the number of loitering teenagers although not all delinquents has also reduced after police officers took up responsibility of addressing these teenagers before they got influenced into criminal activities.
Reason for the declining trend The declining trend in juvenile delinquency cases can be attributed to the increased funding by the federal government towards providing prevention programs in schools and communities.
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention has also launched the delinquencyprevention. org website that provides stakeholders with information early signs hence enabling parents to make interventions before their children become juvenile delinquents, hence the decrease. The increased collaboration between federal bureau of investigation and the community has provided greater monitoring of youths behaviors.
Federal bureau of investigation