Transnational organised crime and terrorism

Terrorism consists of random attacks against innocent civilians and property of value to the country whose policies the terrorists wish to change or whose existence they wish to challenge. It is a means by which movements, organizations, or small states can successfully hurt or coerce nations much stronger than themselves. Since determined terrorists can almost always attack or seize some individuals of value to a greater power, perfect security against terrorism is impossible to achieve.

In fact, its implications on global peace are builds up. (Cochran, et al. 1996). This paper looks at the different ramifications of organized crime and terrorism on global peace. It also suggests ways on how these crimes can be properly addressed. Interplay of Terrorism and Organized Crimes Terrorism is a weapon used by splinter groups to wage war against a strong system or government to achieve their political, personal or religious missions.

These groups get world attention or influence policies when their target governments conduct it in the most gruesome and extreme methods. Terrorism is a clear and present danger to all forms of governance system from democratic, communism to totalitarian leadership that must be addressed by world leaders to lessen its effect on our society. It is also a threat to humanity’s existence because of the availability of weapons of mass destructions and other high-end weapons that are available today (Archive 70).

Terrorism can be cost-effective be3cause terrorists can just connect their efforts in a single target as evidenced, for example, by the 1993 bomb composed of fertilizer, diesel fuel and icing sugar at the World Trade Center which costs only $400 while the damage amounted to $550 million  (Hoffman, 1998 as cited in Sandler p. 780). There is also a feature of terrorism that “simulates randomness (p. 780) which all the more creates an atmosphere of fear. The more recent suicide missions can also cause4 a big problem to targeted governments.

Their networks consist of a well-conceived and well-organized goal to throw the government’s own peace activities (Sandler, p. 785). The first National Strategy for Homeland Security is a document to mobilize and organize the nation to secure the U. S. from terrorist attacks. This is basically a complicated mission that requires coordinated efforts from all sectors of society. Homeland security requires a concerted national effort where the federal government plays an important role.

However, there are problems along the way as the Administration’s approach to homeland security is based on the principles of shared responsibility and partnership with the Congress, state and local governments, the private sector and the American people. It characterizes terrorism as premeditated and unlawful act that is dangerous to human lives. It is homeland security’s goal to reduce the America’s vulnerability to terrorist attack (The National Strategy for Homeland Security).

However, authors Enders and Sandler (2006) maintains that while Americans may tend to be safer at home because of the homeland security mission, the U. S. citizens and their properties abroad have become more vulnerable (p. 391). These are some of the implications of the interplay of these issues and this vulnerability requires collective action measures on the weakest links worldwide since transnational terrorism patterns vary drastically. (p. 392). Author Oberschall at Chapel Hill reiterated this collective action when he expounded that the conditions that point to the rise of terrorist collective action are increasing today. (Oberschall, p. 35).