Federally governed and funded United States welfare system began in early 1930’s during the Great Depression. The United States government reacted to the overpowering number of individuals and families in need of assistance by establishing a benefit program that would offer support to those with little income. The welfare system remained in federal government hands for the following sixty one years. Most Americans were not happy with the system, asserting that families were abusing the program by failing to apply for jobs, siring more kids to qualify for larger benefits.
In 1996 the Congress passed a restructuring regulation that accorded the management of the system back to regional governments. Presently, the central government offers support through TANF, a grant provided to every state to manage their own welfare. To help overwhelm the previous issue of unemployment due to dependence on the system, the TANF endowment requires beneficiaries of welfare assistance to find employment within a period of two years of obtaining aid, failure to adhere could lead in loss of assistance.
The amount and nature of assistance obtainable to dependent children and individuals differs from one state to another. When the federal authorities gave management back to state administrations, many requirements for eligibility were put in place. Most states provide basic assistance such as food stamps, unemployment, cash aid, child care support, housing assistance and health care. System Failures In America, the richest nation in the globe, expanding numbers of individual have to fight harder to survive.
In spite of record corporate proceeds in the previous decades, most people in U. S have witnessed decreasing wages, underemployment and downsizing. The 1996 welfare regulations as well as NAFTA have resulted to increasing homelessness, denial of medical care and death and hunger (Segal 12). The results of the failing welfare system are everywhere, from Katrina victims, domestic workers, and homeless families, parents whose offspring have been carried away due to lack of housing, food, heat or water to individuals who have lost family members because they cannot access health care.
For most families, every is an issue of life and death; as households perish in house inferno for not possessing safe heat, as kids die unmanaged as parents are forced to labor under welfare restructuring, as individuals die without medical care and as kids are removed for monetary reasons and placed in negligent or violent foster homes. Massive Unemployment The reemergence of mass joblessness is the first key test to the welfare system since fundamental reforms were enacted by President Bill Clinton.
The ensuing economic deprivation and social strains are probable to grave as families exhaust automatic stabilizers including unemployment insurance. Federal welfare strategy underwent major restructuring in 1996 via the PRWORA. The automatic right to federal support was ended, instead setting a lifetime restriction to a period of five years on acceptance of benefits (Segal 14). The restructuring introduced a compulsory workfare element or undertaking employment in exchange returns for benefits, a regulation which all states were required to adhere to in order to obtain Temporary Assistance for Needy Families money.
TANF is a major element of the present United States welfare system which also incorporates unemployment cover, Medicare and Medicaid offering health care for the aged, food stamps and the EITC scheme. However there exists a major distinction between these welfare programs. Unemployment insurance, Food Stamps and Medicaid offer actual support to households experiencing economic crisis. For instance, the Food Stamp system provides approximately one hundred and ten dollars every month, which average almost two hundred and fifty dollars per family. Income supplementing duty credits including