The security scenario

The 9/11 attacks were carried out using hijacked domestic flights. Although at that time, terrorist activities were prevailing to a large extent and mainly directed to U. S and British interests, no one had expected such a devastating act within the American soil. American properties outside its borders, particularly in countries where terrorists were very active, were acknowledged as susceptible and appropriate actions taken. However, the domestic angle was not seen as a threat. Flights to and from the U.

S were under high security, but threat of domestic flights didn’t look likely. Although the National Command Authority had the power to order shooting of a commercial flight, the flight should originate from outside U. S for this (NCT, 1998). The security scenario world over has transformed immensely post September 11, 2001. The changes introduced are absolutely necessary although it is troublesome for all parties involved. Apart from the troubles, the costs associated on implementing the new security measures are enormous for the governments.

Subsequent to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the face of law enforcement has transformed. Every aspect of tackling terrorism has been radically changed not only for the US but also for the rest of the world. One example of extreme change would be how Transportation Security Administration (TSA) changed their policy when it pertained to air travelers. People where instructed to arrive two hours before take off. TSA randomly selected passengers for random searches.

TSA currently practice two major changes 1-Federalization of travelers screening operations, and requirement that airports screen all checked baggage for explosives. The incident also left a mark on the immigration track into the US. There has been a divided opinion on the measures adopted, with many favoring the measures adopted and many calling it a breach of civil liberties. Advocates of civil rights say that the government is stretching too far and not respecting the fundamental rights of several sections like immigrants and foreign people.

The US Patriot Act enacted with almost total support in the legislature provides for enhanced surveillance and detention with respect to non citizens (Chishti, 2010). Critics of the governments’ policies point out that the enforcement actions are directed towards Muslims and Arabs in the US. Profiling of the members of these communities are considered as ineffective and crude way of gathering information. Critics point out that the practice of profiling violates constitutional freedom and discriminates individuals based on religious and ethnic backgrounds.

Local official have pointed out to the high costs associated with the security. It has been estimated that the costs are as high as $70 million per week for the cities during high threat levels (NPR, 2004). REFERENCES Kemerling G. , (2006) Hobbes's Leviathan [Electronic Version] Retrieved Online on 7th February 2010 from http://www. philosophypages. com/hy/3x. htm#humans%29 Human Rights Watch (2007) Shielded from Justice: Police brutality and accountability in the United States [Electronic Version]. Downloaded on 7th February 2010 from http://www. hrw. org/reports98/police/uspo14. htm