The provision of quality water in Ontario would be as easy as pie if only the water is clean. But since majority of the waters in inhabited parts of Ontario are contaminated, providing clean and quality water seems to be very hard. This is only one of the environmental problems that citizens face due to the “average” performance of the government in enforcing environmental laws. Actually, there are a lot of things that can be done to solve this problem.
People can ask for greater government effort but what is really important right now is to take remedial actions on failed structures and laws which is the result of the government’s bad performance. One of the actions that might really help to solve the environmental problems is the strengthening of the ability of one place, Ontario for example, of filing cases to the violators of pollution laws. Another option is privatization. Privatization is one way of improving economic regulation and law enforcement. The result will be producing financial, environmental and public health.
Privatization can eradicate different interests which is natural when one part of the state plays the role of the economic regulator of another, or when one part of the state is responsible for enforcement of environmental laws while the other part is the polluter. Although economic regulation can be applied to public facilities and industries, privatization can also be used to toughen the regulations by ensuring that regulators have the capability to impose financial penalties on offenders and help make utilities accountable. (Adams, 2001)
Pollution crimes should be enforced the way the laws and regulations intend. If only the enforcement of environmental laws would be made effective by the government, the people will have a lot of benefit. Effective enforcement will surely inform the public about pollution and eventually can help in promoting prevention of polluting the environment. Another way for the government to enforce environmental laws effectively is through communication. In order for them to understand the correct way of implementing and enforcing the law, they should also be taught correctly.
Of course, they should be the first person to understand the laws they enforce. If they do not understand the laws, how can they enforce it correctly? The authorities should provide documents that show the procedures that can be used in the provision of guidance to employees. They also have to make sure that they do their assigned tasks efficiently and effectively and most importantly, consistently. (Adams, 2001) Another observation why the environmental laws fail to combat polluters is that the authorities do not have enough procedures to guide the inspectors and investigators in charge with for the pollution.
The government should also communicate with the investigators and inspectors in order to clearly understand the methods and procedures on how to enforce the laws effectively. Coordination with other departments would also help in controlling pollution. Since they could work together, other departments might saw something that was not observed by other departments. Another advantage of that is that enforcement effort will be greater. Specific policies are also needed so that inspectors and investigators may know clearly what they are up to. If the government has no specific goal in combating pollution, they work will not be done.
The government cannot properly allocate its resources if it does not have a clear basis on knowing the importance of environmental issues. Consistency in enforcement and compliance of the government is also badly needed by the people to protect the environment. Another procedure that might help improve the current state of law enforcement is to conduct performance evaluations. In that way, law enforcers will be forced to work efficiently because their performance is subject to evaluation. Lastly, the government should know their priorities and the level of compliance that they have to do. (Conservation and Protecton, 1991)