This research topic will be mainly based on findings in secondary sources of data. As such, it is appropriate that a thorough review of the literature be done so that there is a concise and succinct description of the research area. This will in turn ensure that the findings of the research will be reliably authentic and that any conclusions drawn thereof can stand the test of time as they will have a sound and empirical basis. That aside, it is on the basis of this literature that the research will draw its research questions and formulate its hypotheses. The Need for Drug courts
The US introduced drug courts in response to the rise in the number of offenders needing special attention. According to Kratocoski (2004), there was a phenomenal growth in the numbers of people incarcerated for drug offences and for that reason, formation of special courts to take care of the cases was justified. The rise was specifically significant in the period between 1984 and 1990, whose rise was estimated to be 11854 to 29306. Florida was the first state to create a special court for drugs through the Dade County’s creation of a drug court, which was the first in the country.
By the mid 1990s there were around 41 drug courts that were operational in the United States. By December 1995, there were around 82 drug courts. According to Carey et al. (2006), a number of reasons are advanced as forming basis for expecting drug courts to be more effective. Previous research has found strong links (both direct and indirect) between drug use and rates of repeated offences. In reducing drug consumption and crime, treatment has been shown to be effective. Voluntary treatment programs showed lower rates of repeated offences compared to those in coerced treatment (Lessenger 2007).