Many might know of the action thriller film, Taken, starring Liam Nesson. A former CIA operative tracks down his teenage daughter and friend after the two girls were kidnapped by Albanian sex traffickers while traveling in France. Throughout the film series, the movie settings take place internationally. As mentioned before, no country is immune from trafficking, not even the most well develop country: The United State of America. The United States of America ranks as the world’s second largest destination/market country. The National Human Trafficking Resource Center reported that in 2016 there were 7,572 cases of human trafficking. Of those cases reported, 73% of it took in the form of sex trafficking, 14% in the form of labor trafficking, and the remaining percentage were both or not specified.
Traffickers often target individuals who have previous experiences of psychological trauma, histories of violence, homelessness and other social issues one can encounter. Trafficking victims fall prey to this practice because they either seek a better life or are promised better economic opportunities (Bales, 2007).
These individual’s humans are considered the “good and services” within the human trafficking market. With the false pretense of a better future, these individuals find out that they have several debts. Traffickers convince victims that they have no other choice but to work for the trafficker and pay back the exorbitant amount of debt they have accumulated. It exists a debate in the world, that a lot of women work themselves a voluntary prostitute, but they are not willing to accept working with them.
Demand is the consumer’s need or desire to own the product or experience the services. Demand is the underlying force that drives everything in the economy; especially within the human trafficking market. Without demand, there is no business. The consumer has a goal and that is paying the lowest price to receive the highest benefit.
Combating human trafficking is no simple task. A wide range of action is needed on the federal level in the United States (Bales, 2007). states that two major tools for fighting human trafficking are awareness and resources. “Awareness raising campaigns include everything from radio and television ads to education programs at schools, to posters at airports providing telephone hotline numbers for incoming passengers to call should they become victims of trafficking” (Aronowitz, 2009).
“Throughout the world, many countries have implemented some form of legislation prohibiting human trafficking, at least 70 countries amended their criminal codes making trafficking in persona a specific offense. Furthermore, 38 countries have enacted trafficking legislation that provides for measures to protect and assist trafficked victims” (Aronowitz, 2009). As for the United States, on February 14, 2016, Senator Corker introduced a bipartisan legislation to help eliminate slavery and human trafficking around the globe (U.S. Senate).
Ways of victim protection and rehabilitation, International cooperation, there is people around the world who can do an amazing work helping victims of Human trafficking, the continued governments cuts to funding force these charitable organizations to appeal to the public for help with financially. This subsequently causes society to become immune to such appeals and perhaps this is partly the reason for the public’s lack of awareness of Human Trafficking. I think that we need to create awareness about this important subject, I truly believe that we are doing a good step by step and we must be patience to solve this problem in the world.